Jeoloji Münendisliği Dergisi
Jeoloji Mühendisliği Dergisi
ISSN: 1016-9172 | e-ISSN: 2564-6753 | Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 2 Sayı | Yayın Başlangıç Yılı: 1977
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2020 ARALIK Cilt 44 Sayı 2

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Assessment of Engineering Properties of Al-Haweri Scoria, NW Sana’a, Yemen
Ibrahim A. Al-Akhaly Abubaker A. Al-Sakkaf
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ABSTRACT: Yemen has an appreciable amount of scoria aggregate, but a very small proportion is used as cement additionsby local cement factories in blended Portland cement production and very rarely as aggregates in to the productionof lightweight blocks. Scoria aggregates are widespread in and around the volcanic cones present in Sana’a-Amranvolcanic field. This paper presents the results of evaluation of engineering properties of natural scoria, collected fromAl-Haweri volcanic cone, NW Sana’a, Yemen as lightweight aggregate. Chemical composition and petrographicalcharacteristics of scoria were determined. The physical properties of the scoria aggregate such as flakiness andelongation indices, specific gravity, water absorption, unit weight, clay lumps and materials finer than 75µm gaveacceptable results, but the gradation indicated it would need to be processed before use in a mix. The porosity ishigh, 60.79%. The Los Angeles abrasion and the aggregate crushing values are higher than the limits of ASTM andBS specification, but the aggregate impact value is close to the upper limits of BS specification. The soundness iswithin the ASTM specification limits. Therefore, it can be concluded that scoria aggregates can be used to producestructural concrete and masonry blocks with a relatively low density. The scoria aggregates satisfied the requirementsof lightweight aggregate for structural concrete and masonry blocks purposes.

Light Weight Aggregate
Scoria Aggregate
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Evaluation of Design Criteria of Rock-Hewn Storages in Cappadocia Region by Numerical Analyses
İsmail Dinçer Mutluhan Akin Ahmet Orhan Can Duru
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Natural Storage
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Riza Soypak Ali Kayabaşi
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ABSTRACT: this study, swelling properties of fine grained soils that surfacing around Güdül and its environments were

studied in order to determine causes of cracks and plaster spills on 1 and 3 storey buildings in Güdül district of

Ankara. 19 boreholes with a depth of 5 m to 15 m were drilled. Groundwater was not observed except BH-4, BH-9

and BH-16. 21 standard penetration test samples and 30 undisturbed soil samples were taken from these boreholes.

Swelling pressure tests, swelling percent tests, soil classification and index tests were carried out with these samples.

The SPT N60 blow counts from which samples were taken are ranging between 12 and 49 and the mean average

N60values are determined as 25 blow counts.%59 of the soil samples are determined as low plastic clay (CL) low

plastic silt (ML) or low plastic organic material (OL). %41 of the soil samples are determined as high plastic clay

(CH)- High plastic organic material (OH) or high plastic silt (MH). The mean swelling pressure is 45.83 kPa and

the highest swelling pressure is 111.29 kPa determined from the swelling pressure tests. Activity, swelling potential,

swelling pressure maps of Güdül and its surrounding were prepared. While the activity of soil is 0.5 arround the

Emirler district, the activity of the soils is 1.4 arround Yeni district which locates 5 km north of Emirler district.

Likewise, the swelling potential and swelling pressure values are 1.5% and 25 kPa around Emirler district, while 6% and 65 kPa around Yeni district. Except for the location of BH-17, there is a significant increase in swelling

percentage and swelling pressure values from south to north direction. If the foundation soils interact with water,

swelling pressure may cause risk for 1-3 storey buildings.

Swelling percent
Swelling pressure
Plaster spills
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An Approach to the Planning and Environmental Geology of Erziıncan Plain and its Surroundings
Doğuş Boz Ali Yilmaz
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ABSTRACT:Erzincan plain is located in an area, where earthquakes, landslides, avalanches, floods and other natural

disasters are mainly dominant in the upper part of Fırat River basin in the East Anatolian Region. Earthquakes of

various magnitudes occurred throughout the history of Erzincan. Earthquakes occurred in the 1939 and 1992 years

led to many casualties and lost of the properties. In the present study, in the light of regional and local geology of the

Erzincan Plain and vicinity considering – its geomorphology, hydrogeology, natural resources, land-use capability,

currentland-use and its environmentel geology have been presented and related future land use planning have been

evaluated. Environmental systems have been defined in the frame of environmental geology. These systems are

mainly Erzincan Plain System, Ergandağ System and Man-made or Antropogenic System. Environmental units those

characterize each system have been identified. Thus, land-use capabilities of 26 environmental units have been evaluated depending on their general properties, index characteristics and natural disaster risks. The evaluations of

land-use capabilities have been carried out on the basis of land-use forms. The matters, which are necessary to be

considered to wards to the planning of the region in the future, have been presented. Based on the recommended plan,

it is possible to control a great deal of environmental problems and protect the Erzincan Plain and surroundings, as


Environmental Geology
Erzincan Plain
Environmental Systems
Environmental Units
Land Use Planing
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Step Test and Constant Rate Pump Test Planning, Evaluation of Analytical and Numerical Analysis
Emrah Dirmit
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ABSTRACT:In hydrogeological research studies, long-term constant flow pump tests are used as a common method for

determining aquifer parameters. After the well development studies is completed in newly drilled wells, a preliminary

analysis process of the well’s interaction with the aquifer should be carried out by conducting a step drawdown test.

Aquifer transmissivity (T) and the well loss parameters (C) should be determined by analyzing step drawdown

test at variable discharge rate. Thus, for long-term pump testing, accurate pump selection and more reliable

information about the transmissivity (T) of aquifer can be obtained. In this study was conducted within the borders of

Himmetdede in Kayseri province, and many observation wells and dewatering wells were opened within the project

area in order to contribute to the dewatering works of the enterprise carrying out mining activities and to reveal the

hydrogeological structure. Constant rate pump test and step test results in SK-1 dewatering well, which is thought

to be important for open pit mine dewatering studies, are discussed in this study. Aquifer transmissivity (T) and well loss coefficient (C) values were calculated using different analytical solution methods. Analysis of long-term pump

testing using different numerical methods is presented. Comparisons of the results were made and the contributions

of both analytical and numerical methods to the solution of aquifer parameters were presented.

Aquifer Transmissivity (T)
Constant Rate Pump Test
Step Test
Well Loss
Mine Dewatering
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