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ABSTRACT: Yemen has an appreciable amount of scoria aggregate, but a very small proportion is used as cement additionsby local cement factories in blended Portland cement production and very rarely as aggregates in to the productionof lightweight blocks. Scoria aggregates are widespread in and around the volcanic cones present in Sanaa-Amranvolcanic field. This paper presents the results of evaluation of engineering properties of natural scoria, collected fromAl-Haweri volcanic cone, NW Sanaa, Yemen as lightweight aggregate. Chemical composition and petrographicalcharacteristics of scoria were determined. The physical properties of the scoria aggregate such as flakiness andelongation indices, specific gravity, water absorption, unit weight, clay lumps and materials finer than 75µm gaveacceptable results, but the gradation indicated it would need to be processed before use in a mix. The porosity ishigh, 60.79%. The Los Angeles abrasion and the aggregate crushing values are higher than the limits of ASTM andBS specification, but the aggregate impact value is close to the upper limits of BS specification. The soundness iswithin the ASTM specification limits. Therefore, it can be concluded that scoria aggregates can be used to producestructural concrete and masonry blocks with a relatively low density. The scoria aggregates satisfied the requirementsof lightweight aggregate for structural concrete and masonry blocks purposes.
Light Weight Aggregate
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The SPT N60 blow counts from which samples were taken are ranging between 12 and 49 and the mean average
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plastic silt (ML) or low plastic organic material (OL). %41 of the soil samples are determined as high plastic clay
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Emirler district, the activity of the soils is 1.4 arround Yeni district which locates 5 km north of Emirler district.
Likewise, the swelling potential and swelling pressure values are 1.5% and 25 kPa around Emirler district, while 6% and 65 kPa around Yeni district. Except for the location of BH-17, there is a significant increase in swelling
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ABSTRACT:Erzincan plain is located in an area, where earthquakes, landslides, avalanches, floods and other natural
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led to many casualties and lost of the properties. In the present study, in the light of regional and local geology of the
Erzincan Plain and vicinity considering its geomorphology, hydrogeology, natural resources, land-use capability,
currentland-use and its environmentel geology have been presented and related future land use planning have been
evaluated. Environmental systems have been defined in the frame of environmental geology. These systems are
mainly Erzincan Plain System, Ergandağ System and Man-made or Antropogenic System. Environmental units those
characterize each system have been identified. Thus, land-use capabilities of 26 environmental units have been evaluated depending on their general properties, index characteristics and natural disaster risks. The evaluations of
land-use capabilities have been carried out on the basis of land-use forms. The matters, which are necessary to be
considered to wards to the planning of the region in the future, have been presented. Based on the recommended plan,
it is possible to control a great deal of environmental problems and protect the Erzincan Plain and surroundings, as
Land Use Planing
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ABSTRACT:In hydrogeological research studies, long-term constant flow pump tests are used as a common method for
determining aquifer parameters. After the well development studies is completed in newly drilled wells, a preliminary
analysis process of the wells interaction with the aquifer should be carried out by conducting a step drawdown test.
Aquifer transmissivity (T) and the well loss parameters (C) should be determined by analyzing step drawdown
test at variable discharge rate. Thus, for long-term pump testing, accurate pump selection and more reliable
information about the transmissivity (T) of aquifer can be obtained. In this study was conducted within the borders of
Himmetdede in Kayseri province, and many observation wells and dewatering wells were opened within the project
area in order to contribute to the dewatering works of the enterprise carrying out mining activities and to reveal the
hydrogeological structure. Constant rate pump test and step test results in SK-1 dewatering well, which is thought
to be important for open pit mine dewatering studies, are discussed in this study. Aquifer transmissivity (T) and well loss coefficient (C) values were calculated using different analytical solution methods. Analysis of long-term pump
testing using different numerical methods is presented. Comparisons of the results were made and the contributions
of both analytical and numerical methods to the solution of aquifer parameters were presented.
Constant Rate Pump Test
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