Jeoloji Münendisliği Dergisi
Jeoloji Mühendisliği Dergisi

Jeoloji Mühendisliği Dergisi

1986 TEMMUZ Cilt 10 Sayı 3
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Geochemistry and Element Correlation of Iron Deposits in the Divriği Region, Centra! Anatolia, Turkey
Taner Ünlü Henrik Stendal
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ABSTRACT: Geochemical analyses of iron deposits in the Divriği region been performed on 160 samples for 10 major and. 31 trace elements, and correlation analyses between 24 elements and the Interpretation of these results are given, Two types of ores werq indicated.: The first type has a geochemical affinity to ultrabasic rocks with high, average element contens of Cr,, Co and in some cases Ni and MgO. The second type of ore is a sedimentary type with a different geochemical character., e.g. high Ba. content, The tectonically emplaced iron ores showing ultrabasic element affinity are suggested to be tectonically reworked from ophiolite hosted basic to- ultrabasic rocks.

  • Divriği Region

  • Iron Deposits

  • Element Correlation

  • Geochemistr

  • BOTTKE, a, 198I,Lag€.rsfättenkunde des Eisens, Verlag Clickauf GmbH, 202 `S., Essen

  • BOZKURT, MR.,, i980,DivriğI demir madenleri cevher minerallerinin incelenişi ve oluşumu.. Doçentlik Tezi, 59 S.». Eskişehir

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  • GYSIN, M., İ938:>, L ère Impression, sur la géologie de la region de Divrik, .sur la structure et sur I

  • KLEMM» D. D.,,, I960, Die Eisenerzvorkommen von Divrik (Anatolien) .als. Beispiel tektonisch .angelegter pneumatolytischmetasomatischer Lagerstättenbildung. N, Jahrbuch f. Mineralogie, Abh. 94, (Festband. Ramdohr), S, 591-607, Stuttgart.

  • KOŞAL» C, 1965,, Divriği civan jeolojisi ve magmatojen cevher yatakları. M.T.A. Rap... No: 3743,, Ankara

  • KO1 ŞAL, C, 1971. Divriği A-B kafası demir yataklarının sondajb aramalar jeolojik raporu. M.T.A. R.ap`. .No.:: 4304, Ankara

  • KO ŞAL, C, 1973, Divriği A-B-C demir yataklarının jeolojisi ve oluşumu, üzerinde çalışmalar. M.T.A. Dergisi.» Sayı 81, S.. 1-22, Ankara

  • KOVENKO, V., 1937, Divriği imtiyaz manyetit yatağı hakkında rapor. M.T..A. Rap. No: 485» Ankara

  • PETRAŞCHECK, W. ve POHL» W., 1982, Lageretätteniehre, Ê.&.V.H,, 341 S» Stuttgart

  • TOKEL» S. ve KÖPRÜBAŞI, N., 1986, Doğu Anadolu`da tersiyer ya,şlı

  • `0NLÜ, T., 1983 a,, Die Genese der Siderit-Lagerstitte Deveci in der Hekimhan-Provmz Malatya/ Türkei und ihre wirtschafliche Bewertung. Doktorarbeit, 82 S., T`ü Berlin.

  • ÜNLÜ, T., 1983 b, Sivas, Divriğî-A Wag; Güzün Otlukilise; Erzincan, .Kemaliye,, Bizmişen-Çaltı» Kurudere ve Adıyaman ÇeUkhan Bulam demir yatakları hakkında görüşler. M.T.A. Rap;), No: 1901, .Ankara.,

  • ÜNLÜ, T.,. 1985, Deveci (Hekimhan-Malatya) siderit örneklerine özgü jeokimyasal verilerde yapılan bir jeoistatisfIksel değerlendirme. Jeo. Mäh. Sayı 25» S, 3-14, Ankara.

  • ÜNLÜ.» T., 1987, İç Anadolu, demir yataklarının oluşum modeli (hazırlanmakta). M.T.A, Rap,. No: „ , Ankara

  • WfrKERSLOOTH, PJDE, 1939» Demirdağ (Divrik) demir yatakları hakkmda jeolojik rapor. MXA. Rap,.. No: 803.»Ankara

  • WÎJKEftSLOOTH» P.DE, 1941, Divrik (Sivas Vilayeti) Demir Cevheri zuhuratının, tevewün ve yaşı hakkında, bazı, malumat. M.T.A, Mecmuası» Sayı 3, S. 24» Ankara.

  • Ä Geotechnical Evaluation in AHçeyrek (Erzurum-Honuan) Lignite Field
    Reşat Ulusay Nihat Apaydin
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    ABSTRACT : In this study, geomechanical properties of the soil units which forms the Mgnitic series in Erzurum- Horasan-Ali çeyrek area are investigated, furthermore expected soil behavior during mining excavations and the applicability of some mining methods are discussed from the geotechnical point of veiw. From the geotechnical point of view» days in the area investigated, show relatively durable, highly plastic.» nonsensitive and montmoriUonitic character. On the other hand,,, sands generally form loose» uniform and weak soils however` show medium to veak properties. Studies carried out on. clay soils indicate some positive behaviors such as soundness, relatively long term, unsupported stand-up time with the exception, of medium-high swelling potential. In, loose sand horizons, especially below the groundwater level» -ravelling» running` and short term unsupported stand-up time behaviors should be expected. Therefore, the occurance of some limitations ought to be considered for the applicability of underground mining methods, in. the area. In the case of applying open pit method,» loose sand, horizons are` considered as one of the most important factors controlling the stability. Thus, final pit slopes should be designed with angles flatter than. 45 degrees. In addition » because of the long` duration of mining aperations and determined, geomechanical properties of cohesive soils in the area, long` term stability would be most critical stability condition and should be öncluded in the investiga- - tions of slope stability.

  • Aliçeyrek(Erzurum-Horasan)

  • Lignite Field

  • Geotechnical Evaluation

  • Geomechanical

  • American. Society For Testing And Materials., 1980, Natural Buliding Stones: Soil and Rock. Part. 19

  • BÖZKUŞ: C, 1978,, Erzurum-Horasan-Ali çeyrek linyit sahasına ait jeolojik rapor. M.T.À, Enerji Hammaddeleri D., Rapor1 No. 308 (Yayınlanmamış)

  • GÎLLOT» EJ., 196$ Clay in Engineering Geology. Elsevier Publishing Comp

  • HEUER, R.E., 1974, Important, ground parameters in soft ground tunnelling. Proceedings on Subsurface` Exploration For Underground Excavation And Heavy Construction. New Hempshire, Aug. 11-16,1974» American Society of Civil Engineers

  • HOEK, E. ve BRAY, J.W, 1977 Rock. Slope Engineering. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, Stephen .Austin and Sons Ltd.» London.

  • HOUGH, BJC, 1957, Basic Soil Engineering. The Ronald Press Comp,,, New York.

  • JUMÎKİ5, A., 1967,, Introduction to Soli Mechanics.,

  • KARA, H. ve KARA, S., 1982, Eraırpm-Horasan-Aliçeyrek linyit `havzası jeoloji rapora.. M. T... A. Enerji Hammaddeleri D. s Rapor No, 39.5 (yayınlanmamış)

  • LAMBE: t. W. ve WHITMAN, R, V., 2969, Soil Mechanics, John Wiley And Sons Inc., New York, -

  • LEONARDS, G,,A. (cd), 1962, Foundation Engineering.Me Graw-Hill Book Comp,,, Inc., Tokyo

  • MEANS, R.E. ve Parcher, J.W.., 1963, Physical Properties of Soils.. Chartes E,. Merril Comp

  • MEGAW, T. W. ve BARTLETT, J.W., 1981, Tunnelling in soft. ground` Tunnels-planning, design, construction, Ellis. Horward Ltd,,

  • MESÂİ», G.., 1980, Soil Mechanics and Behavior. University of Illinois

  • MORRISON, R.G.K.. ve RÜSSEL, H.-L., 1973, Selected a mining method-rock mechanics,, other factors,, SM.E Mining Engineering Handbook, Society of Mining Engineers, New York,

  • PANEK, L.A., 1974, Longwall problems. Ground control aspects of coal mine design. Proceedings: Bureau of Mines, Technology Transfer Seminar, Lexington, March 1976, Bureau, of Mines- Information. Circular IC 8630, 97-100

  • PECK, R.B., 1569, Deep excavation and tunnelling in soft, ground. 7 ` International Conference on Soil Mechanics» Mechanics, Mexico City 1963, State` of-ttie-art `volume, 225-290

  • TOURTE LOT, A.H,., 1974, Active clays in engineering construction and practice.., Bulletin of the Association of Engineering Geologist, V.ll, Mo, 4, 259-275

  • TSCHEBOTARİOFF, G,P., 1951, Soil Mechanics., Foundation And Earth Structures. Me Graw Hill Book Comp., Inc., Tokyo.

  • WEST.G., 1978, Methods of treating the ground. Tunnels and Tunnelling, September 1978, 25-29.

  • WU, T,H., 1966, Soil Mechanics, Allyn and Bacon, Inc., Boston.

  • Soma Geophysical Aspects of the Cyprus Geology and Ore Deposits
    Mustafa Ergün
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    ABSTRACT: The existan.ce of suhphide ore deposits of Cyprus has been, known since the ancient times.. These ore deposits are placed within the pillow lavas which make the uppermost sequence of the Upper Cretaceous Troodos Massif... various giophysical methods have been used by many research, warkers to investigate the general structure of the region, and to locate ore bodies. jSpcept the electrical methods, they haven`t been successful to locate sulfide^ ore bodies because the lack of contrast between the ore bodies and the country rocks. The magnetic properties of the pillow lavas which are made of thoeilitic basalts,, are considerable. Magnetic are .associated, with the pillow lavas where the positive1 values are göen by the thick piles of these volcanic series. There is no direct relationship between ten ore deposits and the magnetic anomalies. But there are negative magnetic anomalies over the mina.ral.ized zones and. the gossans. Also the reason of these .negative anomalies may be due to the gabbros or similar- intrasives which can be the cause of mineralization.

  • Cyprus Geology

  • Ore Deposits

  • Geophysics

  • Mineralization

  • ADAMİDES, N.G., 1979, The form, and environment of the Kalavasos are deposit s-Cyprus; in:

  • BEAR, L.M.» 1963, The mineral resources and mining industry of Cyprus` GeoL Sur. Cyprus, Bull, No: 1, 184 p.

  • DAWS, J,C.» 1973 Statistics and data analysis in geology Wiley, .New York, 550 p

  • ERGON, M., 1977, Magnetic Studies in Cyprus and the Biga peninsula., Turkey: Ph.D. Thesis, Leicester University, England, 225 p..

  • FULLER: B.D., 1967, Two dimensional frequency analysis and gridoperators: Mining Geophysics, vol 2. SEG Publications, 658-708

  • GASS: LG., 1968, The Troodos Massif of Cyprus a fragment Mesozoic Ocean floor: NATURE,, 220, 39-42.

  • GASS, LG., 1979, The TroodMassif: its role in the unravelling of the ophioiite problem and its. sifnificance in the understanding of constructive plate margin processes: in `

  • GASS; LG., and Masson-Smith, D., 1&65, The geology and gravity anomalies of the Troodos Massif, Cyprus» Roy. Soc. London, Fhilos. Trans.» A255, 417-467,

  • GRANT: F.S., 1957, A problem in the analysis of geophysical data: GEOPHYSICS, 12, 309-344

  • GREENBAUM, B.,, 1972:,, Magmatic processes at oceanic ridges: Evidence . from, the Troodos Massif, Cypru.: Nat. Fhys. Sd, 238,, 18-21

  • KHAN: M.A., Summers, C, Bamford, S.A.D,,, Chorston, N., Poster, K. vc Vine, F.J.., 1972, A. reversad refraction line in. the- Troodos. Massif» Cyprus1 Nat. Fhys. Seci, 238, 134-136,

  • KOULOiVlZÏNE:,TH,.,LAMONT.A,GNE:Y,.,veNA.TEAU;A, .1970., New methods for the direct interpretation of magnetic anomalies caused by inclined dikes, of infinite length: GEOPHYSICS, 35, 81.2-830.

  • MC GRATH , H. H. w HALL, O. H, 1959, Crasta! struc •hire in northwestern Ontario: Regional magnetic anomaiise: Canad,Joum. Earth Sei» 6, 1101-11,07

  • MCKEMZÎL; B,P., 1976, The East Anatolian Fault: A mafor structure in. eastern Turkey: Earth, Planet. ScL Lett., 29, 189-193.

  • MOORES, E..M. ve VİNE, F.J., 1.971, The Troodos; Massif, Cyprus and. other ophiolites as. oceanic crust» evaluation and implications: FML Trans,., Roy. Soc.., A268, 443-468.

  • ÖZELÇ!Î:t F., 1973, Gravity anomalies of the Eastern Mediterranean1 Bull Min. Res. ExpL Ins,., Turkey, 80, 54-92

  • RABINÖWiTZ: P.D. ve RYAN: W.B.F., 1970» Gravity anomalies and cristal shartesiiig in the Eastern Mediterranean1 TECTONOFHYSICS, 10, 585-608.

  • ROBERTSON: A.H.F., 1975, Cyprus umbers: basalt-sediment, relationships on. a Mesozoic ocean ridge: J. GeoL Soc. Land., 131,511.-531.

  • ROBERTSON: A.H.F.,, ve WOODCOCK: N. H.,, 1979, Tectonic settings of the Troodos Massif in the east Mediterranean1 ` In1

  • SEARLE: D.L..» 1972» Mode of occurence of the cupriferous pyrite deposits of Cyprus: Trans. Inst, Min. Met., 81.` B» 89-97.

  • SEARLE: D.L., ve PANAYÎ0TOÜ, A., 1979 structural implications in the evolutior of the Troodos Massif, Cyprus*

  • SHELTON, A.W. ve GASS, LG., 1979; Rotation of the Cyprus microplate` in:

  • SPECTOR, A. vc GRANT, F.S., 1970., Statictical modeis for interpreting aeromagnetle data.: GEOPHYSICS: 35, 293-302.

  • TALWANÎ, M... ve HEÎRTZLER. J.R., 1964, Computation of magnetic anomalies caused, by two dimensional structure of arbitrary shape: in: Computers In. the mineral industries,,, Part I, Geological Sciences, Stanford University Publications, I» 464-480.

  • VİNE» F.J. ve MOORES: E.M., 1969,, Paleomagnetic results from, the Troodos igneous massif, Cypru: Trans Am. Geophys. Union,, 50,. 131»

  • VINE, Fbjb. POSTER, C.K, vc GASS, I.G,, 1973, Aeromagnetic survey of the Troodos Igneous massif, Cyprus: Nat. Phys. ScL» 244, 34-38.

  • VOGELSANG, D...» 1972» Geophysical catagorization of the pre-Cambrian in South. India: Geophys. Prosp.». 20,317-329

  • WONG.,, H.K.,, ZARUDZKİ» E.FJK., PHİLLİPS,, J.D. ve GİERNANNİ, G.f.K., 1.971,, Some geophysical profiles in. the Eastern Mediterranean: GeoL Soc:. Arner. Bull.,, 82,81-100.

  • WOODSÎDE, I., 1976» Regional vertical, tectonics in the Eastern Mediterranean.: Geophys. J.R. Astı.. S»oc.» 47,493-514

  • WOODSlDE, L and BOWÎN,, CO,., 1970, Gravity anomalies, and inferred crustal structure in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea; Bull GeoL Soc. Am., 81,1107- 1127.

  • Hydrothermal Alteration Zones of Simav-Emet-Tavşanlı Regions
    Mehmet Şener Ali İhsan Gevrek
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    ABSTRACT: Hydrothermal alteration zones have been, investigated by X-ray diffraction techniques and geochemical methods in thisa study at Kütahya region. There are Cfalorite-tllite,. Montmorillonite, Calc AHminiuni silicate1 and silisification zones in investigated area.., As a result of these studies; Abide geothermal field has 180-230 °C, Naşa-Eynal geothermal fields have 100- 160°C in Simav region, Tavşanlı region has 100-160°C, Emet region has 150-200 C, Kütahya-Bıca field has 100-160°C temperature1 geothermal fluid has been found.

  • Simav-Emet-Kütahya

  • Hydrothermal

  • Alteration Zones

  • Geochemical

  • AKDENİZ,N. ve KONAK, N,t 1979, Sim.av-Emct-Tavşaııl.ı-Dtifsırahey-Demirci yörelerinin, jeolojisi

  • BAŞ; ,. H., 1983, Domaniç-Tavşanh-Gediz-Kiitahya yörelerinin Tersiyer1

  • BİNGÖL, E,,, 1975, Batı Anadohınun jeotektonik erami MTA `Dergisi, No: 86, 14-34.

  • BİNGÖL,. E., 1977, Muratdağı Jeolojisi ve anakaya birimlerinin petrolcün : TJK BOL No: 20` (2), 13-66,

  • DANA, EDWARDJ.., 1956, Manual of Mineralogy: Hurlbut, Jr. 16 ed. 4 bs. Newyork.

  • ERDOĞAN, E., 1971, Ilıca (Kütahya) kaplıca etüdü1 MTA Raporu No: 4681.

  • GEVREK, AX ve ŞENER, M., 1985» Çanakkale-Tuzla. jeotermal sahaamın hidrotermal alterasyon zonlan : MTA. Raporu Basfada)

  • GEVREK, ÀJL, ŞENER, M ¥c ERCAN, T., 1985, Çanakkale Tuzla jeotermal sahasının hidrotermal alterasyon zonları ve volkanik kayaçlann. petrolojisi MTA Dergisi. (Başkada).

  • YÜCEL, B., DEMİRCİ», S ve `COŞKUN, B„ 1984, Simav yöresinin, jeolojisi ve jeotermal enerji olanakları : MTA Rapora. (Baskıda).

  • Basic Geologic®! Factures of Ankara-Elmadağ-Kalecik Region
    Yavuz Okan
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  • Ankara-Elmadağ-Kalecik

  • Basic Geologic

  • Limestone

  • AKYOREK, B., BÎLGİMER, E., AKBAŞ,,, HEPŞEN, N., PEHLİVAN, Ş,, SUNU, O.t SOYSAL., Y.,DAĞER Z., ÇATAL, E., SÖ.ZE1İ, B., YILDIRIM, H..., HAKYEMEZ.» Y,.., 1982, Ankara-Elmadağ-Kalecik. Dolayının, jeolojisi: M. T.., A,, Rapor No: 7298, (Yayımlanmamış)

  • OKAN, Y., 198.1 a,, Elmadağ (Ankara) çevresi oluşuklarının stratigrafi sorunları (lito ve Myofasiyesleri); TÜBİTAK Araştırma Projesi, No: TBA.G- 31,5,

  • OKAN, Y,, 1981 b. A new fusulinid genus (Erkina) from Elmadağ; region, Ankara-Turkey: Türkiye J`eoL Kur. Biat», 24,67-74

  • OKAN» Y., 1982, Elmadağ Formasyonunun (Ankara.) yaşı ve alt bölümleri:; Türkiye JeoL Kur. Bül,t., 25.95-104

  • AKYOREK, B., BİLGİNER, E., AKBAŞ. B., HEPŞEN, N„ PEHLİVAN, Ş,,f SUNU, O,., SOYSAL, Y. : , DAĞER, Z,, ÇATAL, E„ Sözen, B., YILDIRIM, H, ve HAKYEMEZ Y., 1982» Aiîkara-Elmadağ-İKalccik. Dakymın Jeolojisi M.T,A. Rapor No:: 7298 (Yayımlanmamış)

  • AKYOREK, B.t BİLGÎNER, E., AKBAŞ, B., HEPŞEN,,, R, PEHLİVAN, Ş., SUNU, O., SOYSAL., Y., DAĞER, Z., ÇATAL1 : E., SÖZERİ, B., YILDIRIM H. ve HAKYEMEZ` Y,.., 1984 Ankaxa-Elmadag-Kaledk Dolayının Temel Jeoloji özelikleri; Jeoloji Mihendlsiiıği,, 20, 31-46

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