Jeoloji Münendisliği Dergisi
Jeoloji Mühendisliği Dergisi

Jeoloji Mühendisliği Dergisi

1994 MAYIS-KASIM Cilt 18 Sayı 1
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Sabah Yilmaz Durmuş Boztuğ
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  • Granitoid Petrojenez

  • Magma

  • Mingling/Mixing

  • Avcı, N. ve Boztuğ, D., 1993, Çaltı granitoyidinin (Îliç-Erzincan) Petrolojisi, Yerbilimleri, (baskıda).

  • Barbarin, B,,, 1988, .Field evidence .for successive mixing an.d minling between, the Piolard Diorite and the Saint-Julien-la-Vetre Monzogranite (Nocd-Forez, Massif Central,, France), Can. J. Earth Sei., 25,49-59,.

  • Barbarin, B,., 1990., Granitoids: main petrogenetic classifications in relation to origin and tectonic setting, Geol. J., 25, 227-238,

  • Barbarin, B.,, 1991, Contrasted origins for the poligenic and

  • Blake, D.H., Elweli, R.W.D., Gibson, LL,, R.R, and Walker, G.P.L., 1965,, Some relationships resulting from the intimate association of acid .and basic magmas, Q J. Geol., Soc. London, 121,31-50

  • B-oztog, D., Deboo, F.., İnan, S., Tutkun, S.Z., Avcı, N., and Kesgin, Ö., 1992, Comparative geochemistry of foor plutons from the Cretaceous-Paleogene Central-Eastern Anatolian Alkaline. Province (Divriği region, Turkey). International Workshop: Work in progress on. the Geology of Türkiye, 9-10 April,, Keele, England, .Albs., 25-26.

  • Boztuğ, D., Yılmaz.,, S. ve Kesgin,, Y., 1993, İç Boğo Anadolu Alkalin. Provensindeki Kösedağ Plütonu (Suşehri. - KD Sivas) doğu kesiminin petrografisi ve Petrokimyası, 46. Türkiye Jeoloji Kurultayı, Bildiri Özleri, s. 87..

  • Bussy, R, 1991,,, Enclaves of the Late Miocene Monte Capanne granite, Elba Island,, Italy, In: Didier, J. and Barbarin, B. (eds..), Enclaves and. Granite Petrology: Developments in Petrology 1.3, 167- 178.

  • Chappell, B.W. and White,. A.J.R,., 1974, Two contrasting granite types. Pac. Geol.,, 8,, 173-174

  • Didier,, J., 1964, Etude petrographique des enclaves de quelques granites, du Massif Central Français,,, Ann,. Fac, Sei Univ. Clennont-Ferrand, 23,, 254 pp

  • Didier,, J.., 1973, Granites and Their Enclaves: The Bearing of Enclaves on the Origin of Granites, Development in Petrology,, 3, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 393pp

  • Didier,, J.,, 1987, Contribution of enclaves studies to the understanding of origin, and. evolution of granitic magmas, Geol., Rundsch., 76,41-50

  • Didier, J., and Baitarin, B. (eds,.),, 1991a, Enclaves and Granite Petrology: Developments in Petrology, 13, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 625p.

  • Didier, J. ve Barbarin, B., 1991b, The different types of enclaves in granites - nomenclature, In:Didiei J. ve Barbarin, B. (eds). Enclaves aod Granite Petrology,,, Developments, in Petrology, 13, Elsevier, 19-24.

  • Didier, J. and Roques, ML 1959, Sor les enclaves des granites du Massif Central Français, CJR. Acad. Sei. Paris, 228, 1839-1841.

  • Dorais, MX, Whitney, J.A. and Roden, MR, 1990, Origin of mafic enclaves in the Dinkey Creek, pluton, central Sierra Nevada Batholith, California, J. Petrol, 31,853-88.

  • Fernandez, A.N., and Barbarin, B., 1991, Relative rheology of coeval, mafic and felsic magmas: Nature of resulting interaction processes. Shape and mineral fabrics of mafic microgranular enclaves, In: Didier,, J., and. Barbarin, B. (eds,.). Enclaves and Granite Petrology: Developments in Petrology, 13, Elsevier, 263-27,5..

  • Frost, T.P. and Mahood, G.A., 1987; Field, chemical, and physical constraints on. mafic-felsic magma interaction in the Lamark Granodiorite, Sierra Nevada, California, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 99, 272-291

  • Goldschmidt, V.M., 191L Die Kontakt, metamorphose im Kristianagebiet, Dybwad, Oslo, 843pp.

  • Goodspeed, G.E., 1947, Xenoliths and Skiaiilhs,. Am. J.. Sei, 246, 51,5-525...

  • Hall, A.., 1973,, Geochimie des granites varisques du. Sud-Ouest de l`Angleterre, Bull. Soc, Geol. Fr., 7, XV, 229-237,

  • Harker, A,., 1939, Metamorphism, A study of the Transformation of Rock Mases, Methuen, London, 362pp.

  • Hibbard, MJ., 1991, Textural anatomy of twelve magma .mixed granitoid systems, In: Didier. J. and Barbari, B. (eds.). Enclaves and Granite Petrology, Development in Petrology, 13, Elsevier, 431^444

  • Hill, R.L, 1988, Journal of Geophysical. Research, 93, 10325-10348

  • Holland,, T.HL, 1900, The charnockite series, a. gioup of hyperstbenic rocks in peninsular India, Geol. Surv. India, Mem,., 28, 215-218,

  • Hutton, J,. 1795, The Theory of the Earth,,, Edinburgh

  • Lacroix.,, A., 1890, sur les enclaves acides, des roches volcaniques d`Auvergne, Bull. Serv. Carte Geol... ET., 2, 25-56.

  • Lacroix, A., 1.893, .Les enclaves des roches volcaniques, Protat, Maçon, 770p

  • Lacroix,, A,, 1,898, Le granite des Pyrenees et ses phénomènes de contact, I. Boll, Serv. Carte Geol. Fr.,, 10,241-306.

  • Lacroix, A., 1900, Le granite des Pyrenees et ses phénomènes de contact,, IL Bull. Serv,.. Carte Geol. Er., 11,51-118.

  • Lacroix, A., 1901, Sur deux nouveaux groupes d`enclaves de roches eruptives. Bull Soc. Fr. Mineral., 24,488-504.

  • Lacroix, A,., 1904,, La Montagne Pelée et ses eruptions» Masson, Paris, 662pp.,

  • Lacroix., A., 1933, Sur quelques granites des environs de Porto. An. Fac. Cienc. Univ. Porto, 18,43-48,

  • Lameyre, J., 1.988, Granite settings and tectonics. Rend. Soc. Ital Mineral, Petrol., 43,215-236...

  • Manon, Ki..,, Harrison, T.M and Drew, D.A,., 1988, Ascent, of granitoid diapir in a temperature varying inedium, J,. Geophys. Res,., 93,1174-1188.

  • Mehnert, K.K., 1.968,, Migmatites and the Origin of Granitic Rocks, Developments in Petrology, 1, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 393p.

  • Monte!,, J-M.,, Didier, J.. ve Pichavant, M., 1991, Origin of somiicaceous enclaves in intrusive granites., In: Didier, J. ve Barbarin, B. (eds*), Enclaves and Granite Petrology, Developments in Petrology, 13,509-528.

  • Pabst, A., 1928, Observations on .inclusions in trie granitic rocks of the Sierra Nevada, Univ. Calif. PubL, Dep. Geol. Sei, 17,325-386.

  • Phillips, J.A,, 1880, Ön concretionary patches and fragments of other rocks contained in granite, Q. J. Geol. Soc. London, 141, 1-21.

  • Pitcher, W.,5,, 1993, The Nature and Origin of Granite, Chapman and Hall, 32 Ip.

  • Sollas, J,W., 1394, On. the volcanic district of Carlingford and Sieve Gullioo.,, Part I. On the relation of the granite to the gabta) of Barnavave, Carlingford, Trans, R. Irish Acad,, 30,477-512.

  • Thomas, HUH. and Campbell-Smith, W.,, 1931, Xenoliths of igneous origin in the TiegastelPloumanac*h Granite, Cotes du Nord, France, Q J. Geol. Soc, London, 88,274-296.,

  • Veroon,, R.H., 1983, Restite xenoliths and mictfogranitoid enclaves in. granites,. J. Proc. R. soc. N.S...W.,, 116,77-101

  • Vernon, R.H., 1984, Miciogranitoid enclaves in granites globules of hybrid magma quenched io a plutonic eovkomeot, Nature, 309,438-439.

  • Vieizeof, D...,, Clemens,, J.D., Pin,, C. and Moined, E., 1990, Granites, granulites, and cnıstal differentiation, In: D. Vielzeuf and P, Vidal (eds.), Granolites and Crustal Differentiation, NATO ASI Ser., Kluwer, Dordrecht, l-25pp.

  • Yılmaz, S.., Boztuğ, D. and Öztüık, A,, 1.993, The geological setting,, petrographical and geochemical characteristics of the Cretaceous and Tertiary Igneous rocks in the Hekünîıan-Hasançelebi area, NW Malatya, Türkiye, Geological Journal, Special Issue- for the International Workshop:Work in pro.giess on the Geology of the Türkiye (in press),

  • White, AJJR. and Chappell, B...W.,, 1977, Ultrametamorphism and. gianitoid genesis, Tectonophysics, 43,7-22.

  • Zorpi, M;.!.., Coulon, C, Orsini,. J.B, ve Cöcirta, C, 1989, Magma mingling, zoning and emplacement in calc-alkaline granitoid plutons. Tectonophyisics, 157,315-329

  • Usage Of The Geostatistical Simulation Methods In Minemi Deposit Evaluation
    Cem Saraç
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    ABSTRACT: Tlıe simulation approach to geological problems has received considerable attention the las! few years. Applications include determination of major geologic patterns, chemical compositions of different lithoîogical units, hydrogeological patameteis such as porosity and permeability, hydi ogeological modelling, determination of mine planning and gi ode-tonnage carves. Afler a pr elimin w y review of geostatisticat simulation, conditional and non-conditional simulation and different simulation methods will be given. Ktztlyüksek-Yataardıç (Kat santıAdana) chromium mineralisation has been considered as a case study. The data is derived from 26 drillholes distributed over the area. The total depth of the 26 drillholes was 4772 m. Using a basic statistics treatment of data, a positive low skew distribution with the mean of 4.409c the standard deviation of2.437c r and the coefficient of variation of 0.55 has been observed. Expei imental variograms representing three main directions were calculated, and the Lriging hack estimation technique. Finally, conditional simulation was done and the results and the simulation maps were prepared.

  • Mineral Deposits

  • Geoistatistical Simulation

  • Lithology Unıts

  • Earth Sciences

  • Akın, AJC. (1987) Kızüyüksek - Yataaıdıç- (Karsantı/ Adana) ÖİR, 634 nolu Sahanın Madem, Jeolojisi Raporu, MTA, Geıel Müdürlüğü, Rapor no: 2252

  • Davis, M, (1987) .Frodo.cti.on of Conditional Simulations via the LU Triangular Decomposition of the covalance Matrix, Journal of Mathematical Geology, Vol.. 19, No 2, pp 91- 98.

  • Dowd, P.A.. and Saraç, C. (1993) Geostatistical Simulation Based, oo Neural Networks , The International Association for Geology,, 25* Anniversary Meeting, 10-15 October 1993, Prague.

  • Harbaugh, J.W. and Bohham - Carter, G, (1970) Computer Simulation in Geology, John Wiley and SODS, Inc., New York..

  • Journel, A.G. And Huijbregts, ChJ. (1978) Mining Geostatistics, Academic Press, New York.

  • Mantoglou, A. (1987) Digital Simulation of Two-and Three-Dimensional Stochastic Processes with a Spectral Turning Bands Method, Journal, of Mathematical Geology, Vol... 19, No 2, pp. 129-150

  • Saraç, C. and Tercan, E, (199:2) A Geostatistical Case Study of Kızılyüksek-Yataaıdıç Chromium Orebody, Geosound-Yerbilimleri, No 20, pp. 219-230.

  • Saraç, C and Dowd, P.A. (1.993) A Modified Approach • to Large Scale Geostatistical Simulation, via the LU Decomposition Method, Leeds. University Mioieg Association Journal» pp. 95- 1.02.

  • Ali Vedat Oygür
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  • Stable İzotop

  • Geochemistry

  • Mineral Deposits

  • Ore

  • Akande, S.O. ve Zenfitli, M.t 1983, Geologie, fluid inclusions and stable isotope studies* of the Gays River lead-zinc deposit, Nova. Scotia, Canada: Econ. Geol., 79,1187-1211

  • Becker, R.H. ve Clayton, R.N., 1972, Carbon isotopic evidence for the origin of a banded ironformation in western Australia: Geochim. Cosmochirn, Acta, 36, 577-595

  • Betfike, P.M. ve Rye,, Ö.R., 1979., Environment of ore deposition in the Creede mining district, San. Joan Mountains; Colorado: Part IV,. Source of Holds from, oxygen., hydrogen and carbon isotope studies: Econ. GeoL, 74,1,832-1851.

  • Branam, T.D. ve Ripley , E.M.,1990, Genesis of sediment-hosted copper mineralization in southcentral Kansas: sulfur/carbon and sulfur isotope systematic^ Econ. GeoL, 85,, 601- 621.

  • Craig, H., 1957, Isotopic standards for carbon and oxygen and. correction factors for mass, spectrometric analysis of carbon dioxide: Geochim.. CosmochlraAeta, 12,133-149.,

  • Craig, EL, 1961, Standard for reporting-concentration of deuterium and oxygen-18 in natural waters: Science,, 133,1333-1934.

  • Craig, H., 1963,» The isotopic geochemistry of water and carbon in geothermal areas: Nuclear Geology on `Geothermal .Areas .da, E. Tongiorgi (ed.), 17-53.

  • Craig, HL, 1966,, Isotopic composition and origin of the Red Sea and. Salton Sea. geothermal brines: Science, 154,, 1544-1548,.

  • Criss, RJE. ve Taylor, H.P., 1983, An mO / 16O and D/H study of Tertiary hydrothermal, systems in the southern half of the Idaho batholith: GeoL, Soc. Am. BuU., 94,640-663

  • Criss,, RJE. ve Taylor, HP..,, 1986,, Meteo.ri.chydrothermal systems: Stable Isotopes da, J.W. Walley, HP,. Taylor ve ULOTfeil (ed.), Reviews in Mineralogy, 16, 373-424

  • Faure, G., 1986, Principles of Isotope Geology: John Willey & Sons,, 2,, baskı, 589 s.

  • Field, C.W,, ve Fifarek, R.H. 1.985, Light stable-isotope systematics io. the epithertnal environment: Geo- • logy .aed Geochemistry of. Epithemial Systems, de, B.R. Berger ve P.M., Bethke (ed.), Reviews in •`Econ. GeoL 2,99-128.

  •, M., Soler,.P., Démange, M., Derre, C, Krier-Schellen, A.D.., Verkaeren, J., Guy, B. ve Zahm, A., 1989, The scheelite skarıı. deposit of Salau (Ariege, French. Pyrenees): Econ. GeoL, 84,1.172-1209

  • Franklin, J.M., Lydon, J.W. ve Sangster, DJ7 ., 1981, Volcanic-associated massive sulfide deposits:Econ. GeoL, 75.. Anaiv. Vol., 485-627

  • Fu, M,, Chaogkakoti, A.,, Krouse, HJR., .Gray, J, ve Kwak,, T..A.,.P,., 1991, An. Q,H,S and C isotope study of carbonate- replacement (skam) tin deposits of the Daehang tin field, China: Econ, GeoL, 86,, 1683-1703..,

  • Güleç,, M,, 1993, izotoplar: Jeokünya-Temel Kavramlar ve ilkeler dte, JMO yayınL 32,2, baskı, 205-240.

  • Hail, W,E, ve Friedman, I., 1963., Composition of fluid inclusions,, Cave-in-Rock fluorite district, Illinois, and upper Mississippi Valley zinclead district: Econ. Geol., 58,886-911.,

  • Hall, W.E., Friedman, I. ve Nash, J.T., 1974,, Fluid inclusion and light stable isotope study of the Climax, molybdenum deposits, Colorado: Econ,., Geol. 69,884-901..

  • Heinrich, CA., Andrew, A.S., Wilkins, R...WX ve Patterson, DJ., 1989, A fluid inclusion and stable isotope .study of syn.metam.orp.hic copper ore formation at Mt Isa, Australia: Econ.., GeoL, 84, 529-550,

  • Heyl, A,V., Landis, G..P, ve Zaitman, RE., 1974, Isotopic evidence for the origin of Mississippi Valleye-type mineral, deposits; Econ. Geol.,, 69, 992- 1006.

  • Ibrahim, MS. ve Kyser, T.K., 1991, Fluid inclusion and isotope systematics of the high-temperature proterozoic Star Lake lode gold deposit, N. Saskatchewan,. Canada: Econ., GeoL,,, 86,1468-1490,

  • Layne, GJD.., Longstaffe, F.J.. ve Spoone, E.T.C., 1991, The JC tin skarn deposit, S. Yukon Territory: II. A carbon, oxygen, hydrogen and sulfor stable isotope study: Econ.. Geol.., 86,48-65.

  • Marcke de Lummen, G. van, 1988, oxygen and hydrogen isotope evidence for influx of magrnatic water in the formation, of W-, Mo- and Sn-bearing skarns in pelitic rocks at Costabonne, France, and Land`s End, England: Proceed. 7th Quadrennial. IAGOD Symp., 355-362...

  • Mariotti, A.,,, 1984, Natural I5N abundance measurements-and atmospheric nitrogen standard calibration: Nature, 311,251-252.

  • McKeag, S.A. ve Craw, D..., 1989, Contrasting fluids in. gold-bearing quartz vein systems formed progressively in a rising metamorphic belt: Otago schist, New Zealand: Econ. GeoL, 34,22-33.

  • Nesbitt,, B,E. ve Mueblenbachs, K.., .1989, Geology, ge- • ochemis`try, .and genesis of mesothermal lode gold, deposits of the Canadian Cordillera: evidence for ore formation from evolved meteoric, water:: The Geology of Gold Deposits de» Econ.. GeoL, Monograph 6,553-563..

  • Ohmoto, H., 1986, Stable isotope geochemistry of ore deposits: Stable- Isotopes da,, J,W, Walley, H.F.Taylor ve X.R.Q; `Neii (ed.). Reviews in Mineralogy, 16,491-556,

  • Ohmoto, H. ve Rye, R, O,, 1970, The Bluebell Mine, British Columbia.» I. Mineralogy, paragenesis, fluid, inclusions, and the isotopes of hydrogen, oxygen, and. carbon :Econ.., GeoL, 65,, 417-437.

  • Ohmoto, H. ve Rye, R,O., 1974, Hydrogen, and oxygen isotopic `Compositions, of fluid inclusions in the Kuioko deposits, Japan: Econ. GeoL, 69,, 947- 950`.,

  • Ohmoto, H, ve Rye, R.O., 1979, Isotopes of sulfur and carbon: Geochemistry of Hydrothermal öre Deposits de, HX.Bames (ed.), 2,. baskı, John Wiley &3ons, 509-567;

  • Rye,, R.,0. ve Ohmoto, EL, 1974, Sulfur and carbon isotopes and ore genesis: a review: Econ. GeoL» 69, 826-842,.,

  • Rye, D.M. ve Rye, R.Q., 1974,, Homestake gold mine, south. Dakota: I. Stable isotope studies: Econ. GeoL,, 69,293-317,.,

  • Savin, S.NL ve Epstein, 8., 1970, The oxygen, and hydrogen isotope geochemistry of clay minerals: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 34,43-64

  • Sheppàrd, S,..M,,F.;,. 1977, Identification of the origin, of ore-forming solutions by the use of stable isotopes: Volcanic- .Processes in Ore Genesis de, GeoL Soc. London, spec. pubL 7,25-41.

  • Sheppard, S.MJF. ve Taylor,, O.P., 1974, Hydrogen and oxygen isotope evidence: for the origins of water m the Bouldbr batàolith and the Bütte-®re deposits» Montan©: Boom. GeoL 69,926-946.

  • SheppanL S.MLR, Nielsen, R.L. ve Taylor, HP., 1969, Oxygen and `hyäcogen isotope ratios of day minerals jfroim porphjay copper deposits,: Ecoa. GeoL 64,755-777-

  • Sheppard, S.M1% Nîdscan, RJL ve Taylor, HJP.., 197i« Hydrogen Mid oxygen isolope ratios in minerals from poipipy copper deposits: Ecoa. GeoL. 66, 515-542.

  • ShimazaM, fi, 198&, Oxygea, carbon and sulfur isotope staéy of `AMB deposits in Japan: Proceed 1th Quadienaial IAGOD Syoıp., 375-38L

  • Smitheringale, W.G. ve Jensen, M.L., 1963, Sulfur isotopic composition of the Tiiassic igneous rocks of eastern United States: Geochim. Cosmochim. Ada, 27,1183-1207

  • Taylor-, H.P.,, 1974, The applicatioi of oxygen and hydrogen Isotope studies to problems of hydrothermal alteration and ore deposition: Econ GeoL 69,343-881

  • Taylor. H.P., 1979, Oxygen and hydrogen isotope relationships in hydrothermal mineral deposits: Geochemistry of Hydjrothermal Ore Deposits de, HJLBanıes (c4), 2. baskı, John Wiley & Sons, 236-277.

  • Alp Taner İrkeç
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  • Mineral Resources

  • İnternational Perspective

  • Mining

  • İndustry

  • BGR/DIW/1TE (Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsfarschung und Institut zur Erforschung technologischer entwicklungslinien),, 1986, Versorgungslage bei Rohstoffen: Berlin, Hamburg, Hannover, BGR/DIW/TTE, 193 p

  • Black, LG.,, J.M., and George,. J.M., 1980`, Metals, outlook: ChiltorT s Automotive Industries, July, p. 28-30

  • Humphreys, D,.., 1982,,, A mineral commodity life cycle? Relationships between production, price and. economic resources: Resources Policy, v.. 8, p. 215-229.

  • Malenbaum, W., 1978, World demand for raw materials in 1985 and 2000: New York, E/MI Mining Information Services,, 126 p...

  • McK.el.vey, V,E,, 1.97:2, Mineral resource estimates and public policy : American Scientist^. 60, p.32-40.

  • Meadows, P,H.,, Meadows, P.L., Randers, W., and Behrens W.W., III, 1974,. The limits to growth: A report for the Club of Rome1 s Project in the Predicament of Mankind (2nd edition): New York, Universe Books, 176 p

  • Metalgesellchaft AG (Aktiengesellschaft), various years, Metal statistics: Frankfurt, Metailgesellschaft AC

  • RWI (Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut. für Wiitschaftsforschung, Essen), 1985, Zusammenhang zwischen Wirtschaftswachstum und Stahlverbrauch besteht doch.: Stahl und Eisen, v, 105, no.21, p. 1.117-1118.

  •, C.W,., 1986, Anaconda-Beriche aus der Rohstoffwell: München, Wiirtschaftsverlag Langer-Müller/Herbig» 363 p.

  • The Economist Intelligence Unit, 1992, World commodity outlook 1,992: London, The Economist Intelligence Unit, p... 35.

  • U.S. Bureau of Mines, various years, Minerals Yearbook: Washington D..C., U.S. Government Printing Office, v. L

  • World Tin, 1990, Thinner tin coatings on tinplate: World Tin, v. 1 (quoted from Tägliche Nachrichten, Metallgesellschaft AG„ February 1990)

  • Koray Kiriş
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    ABSTRACT: This study is a compilation work about the economic mineralization and tpes of deposition of gold, standing as privila ged metal among the other pt tctotts metals. Classification is made act or din g i o the modi uf p/ocess where, brief considet allons wet e accumulation and miniralization and named as platers and hxd) othermals n spectively. The classification is quite similar to Lîndgren`s {1933) Placer deposits, considering the age of formation, an sih%)ouped in to two as young and fossil, whereas hydrothermal deposits, considering the tempo atttre-prcsMire and depth of fot motion, are subgrouped in to thtee and studied as epithet mais and hypothermals.

  • Gold

  • economic Adulation Types

  • Precious Metals

  • Cost

  • Bonham, H. F. Jr., 1986,, Models for volcanic hosted epithermal precious metal deposits: a review in Hamilton NLZ,(ed), Procint, Volcanism Congress, New Zealand Symp.5.

  • Clark, A.HL, 1992,, Are outslzed portayiy copper deposits either1 anatomically or enviionmentaly distinctive?: Giant Ore Deposits Workshop, Kingston,, Ontario, Canada.,

  • Eimon, P. I., 1987, Epithermal gold-silver deposits: Course notes. Queens Univ.,, Canada.

  • Erler, A,., Aral, BL, 1981, Porfiri bakır yatakları: OJD.TÜ. Müh,. Fak,, yayınlan. No:67

  • Eıler, A..,,, 1988, Formation of mineral, deposits: Lecture notes, O.D.T.Ü

  • Kuzvaıt, M., Böhmer,,, M.,, 1978, Prospecting and exploration of mineral deposits: Elsevier scientific pub. comp.

  • Lindgren, W., 1933, Mineral, deposits: Me. Graw Hill, New York.

  • Mitchell, A. H. G., 1988,, Andesitic arcs,epithermal gold and porphyry type mineralization in the Western Passific and Eastern Europe: Bulletin of mining and metallurgy.

  • Mitchell, A. H. G,., Garson, M.S., 1988,, Mineralization at destructive plate boundaries: as brief view: Bulletin of mining and metallurgy.

  • Nelson,, C. E,, Giles, D,L,, 1985, Hydrothermal, eruption mechanism, and hot spring gold deposits: Econ. Geology... No: 80.

  • Newberry, R..., 1993, Handout for Au-Cu porphyry skarn short course: IAEG -weekend course 8-9 May, Tralee-Ireland.

  • Sawkins, F. J.,, 1990, Metal deposits in relation to plate tectonics: Springer-Verlag,,, Amsterdam.

  • Sibson, R. H., Poulsen, K. H., 1988,, High angle reverse faults,,, fluid pressure cycling and mesothermal gold-quartz deposits: Geology no: 16.

  • Slllitoe, R, H,.,„ 1979, Some thoughts on gold rich porphyry Cu deposits: Mineralium deposite no: 14.

  • Slllitoe,, R. H., 1990a, Gold rich porhyry Cu deposits: Geological models and exploration implications: IUGS-UNESCO Deposit modelling program conference, Ottawa-Canada

  • Sillitoe, R. H.,, 1990b, Epitharmal models (Genetic - types, geometric controls, and shallow features):: IUGS-UNESCO` Deposit, modeling program. conference» Ottawa-Canada

  • Sillitoe, R. HL5 ,1 9901% Eplttıermal models (Genetic - types,, geometric controls and shallow features): IUGS-UNESCO Deposit modelling program conference, Ottawa-Canada.

  • SillitoeJR.H., 1992,, Giant and bonanza gold deposits in epithermal. and subvolcanic settings: Giant ore deposits workshop, 11-13 May,, KingstonOntario-Canada

  • Sillitoe» R... H., 1993a., Gold deposits .in western, passific island arcs;. The magmatic connection: IAEG weekend course, 8-9 May, Tralee-Ireland.

  • Sillitoe, R..H., 1.993b Kişisel görüşme.

  • Stamen, R. L, 1972,, Ore: petrology: Me Graw HI Pub., Comp.

  • Wolfe, J.A., 1984,, Mineral, resources: Chapman and Hall Pub. Comp.

  • The environmental impacts and economic potential of the gas (deponi gas) formed in waste disposal sites
    İlker Şengüler Bazim Yilmaz
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    ABSTRACT: There are waste disposal sites in about 2000 residential areas in Turkey.. Because the majority of these areas have not been arrangée in accordance wiùi the N Solid Wastes Control Regulations", the methane gas formed in waste bodies cause deaths as a result of explosions and fires and create great environmental pollution. The municipalities can prevent the methane gas which forms in waste bodies in decad`es from being hazardous by constituting systems in orderly waste disposal sues and at the same time contribute to the economy by using it as a fuel.

  • Garbage Storage Area

  • Landfill Gas

  • Environmental Effects

  • Economic potential

  • ÇTJVAM, 1991., Çöp Deponi Alanları. H.Ü. Çevre Uygulama ve .Araştırma. Meıkezi Seminer Notları, Ankara.

  • Özbudak, N., Gedik, A., Yılmaz , H., 1990,. Ülkemizde ki Delta ve Kuvaterner Çekellerinde Oluşan Me tan Gazlarının Araştırılması ve Ülke Ekonomisine katkısı, 5. Enerji Kongresi Teknik oturum Tebliğleri, S. 163

  • Renter, E., 1.991 , Untersuchungen über das Verfoı* mungsverhalten der Zentraldeponie Hannover. Geotechnische Probleme beim Bai. von Abfalldeponien, 7. Nürnberger Deponieseminar, Heft 59,S-93, Nürnberg.

  • Sürücü, G,., 1994, Mevcut Çöplüklerin Rehabilitasyonu ve Düzenli Depolama Esaslarına Göre Yeni Kah Atık Tesislerinin Kurulması Semineri 24-26 Şubat 1994, İstanbul.

  • Sengiller, 1., 1994 (a), Mamak (Ahkam) Eski Çöp Depolama Alanı ve Çevresel Etkileri.. Enerji ve Çevre Sempozyumu Bildiriler Kitabı,, S.373, Mersin Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Yayını, Mersin

  • Şengüler, L, 1.994 (b), Katı Atıklar» Depolama Alanları ve Çevresel Etkileri. MTA. Enerji H`ammadde Etüt ve Arama Dairesi Eğilim Semineri, Ankara (Yayınlanmamış),.

  • Yılmaz, H., 1986,., Doğal Karbondioksitin Enerji tasarrufuna katkısı. 4., Enerji Kongresi Teknik Oturum. Tebliğleri, S. 191.

  • Yılmaz, H., 1994, Doğal Karbondioksit Türkiye Enerji Bülteni, Sayı: 1, S.75, TMMOB Jeoloji Mühendisleri. Odası Yayını,, Ankara.

  • Mesude Aydan
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  • Environmental Geology

  • Science Disciplines

  • Geological Processes

  • Tahir Çebi
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  • Ground-Water

  • Drinking and Utility Water

  • Well Design Techniques

  • Ground Water and Wells : Edward E. Johnson, Inc.Saint Paul, Minnesota.

  • Yeraltısuları (Hidrojeoloji): M.Keınal ERGUVANLI I.T.Ü-1973-ÎSTANBUL.

  • Necla Akça
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  • Disinfection of Pipes

  • Bacterium

  • Disease

  • Mustafa Karabiyikoğlu
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  • Rock Mechanics

  • Engineering Geology

  • Petroleum Engineering

  • Geology Engineering

  • Aynur Geçer
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  • Log

  • Correlation

  • Techniques

  • Geology

  • Asa.quit,G.B, (1932) .Basic Well Log Analysis for Geologist Amer,. Assoc. Petroleum GeoL, Melhods in. Exploration Series..

  •,R,Delhomme> J. P., Pehsaer - Combescure, J. (1983) Application of Geostatistical Analysis to* the Evoluation of Petroleum. Reservoirs with well Logs,. SPWLA, 24 th Ann.. Log. Symp. Trans.,, paper WW.

  • DdGnerJP^Peyret, O., Sena, O... (1984), Automatic determination of Lithology from well logs 59 th Ann,.. Techn. Cong, SPE of AIME, Houston, Texas: paper SPE 13290.

  • Delhomme, J. P., (1978) Kriging in. the Hydrosciences. Advaces in Water Resources, 1,5, p.251-266.

  • Sclumberger(1979) Well Evaluation Conferee. Algeria.Schlumborger Middle East S.A. (1.981) Well Evaluation Conge-ren.ce.. United .Arab Emirates/Qatar...

  • Schlumberger(1983). Well Evaluation Conference. Afrique de l`Ques

  • SchlumbergerTechnical Services, Inc. (1983). Well Evaluation Conference. India..,

  • Schlumberger Middle East S.A. (1984). Well Evaluation Conference* Egypt...

  • Schlumberger (1985), Well Evaluation Conference. Nigeria.

  • Sarra,,Q, (1971). Apports des sondages pétroliers a la connaissance^ du Lias du Bassin de Paris. In:Mem B.R.G.M., 75, p.481-487.

  • Serra,O..(1972). Diagraphies et Stratigraphie. ImMem. B.R.GJM-, 77, p. 775-832.

  • Serra,O`.,„ Abott,, H. (1930) The Contribution of Logging data, to Sedimentology and Stratigraphy. 55 th Ann. Fall Tech, conf., SPE of AIME, paper SPE 9270, and in SPE J., Feb. 1982.

  • ServicesTechniques Schlumberger (1974). Well Evaluation Conference, North Sea.

  • Services Techniques Schlumberger (1974). Well Evaluation Conference. Nigeria.

  • Taylor, J. C, M., Colter,, V. S. (1975). Zecistein of the English Sector of the southep North Sea Basin. In:Petroleum and Continental Shelf of NorthWest Eiifope,.. Voll. Geology. Applied Science Publishers» London.,

  • Visher,G. S., Saitta, S. B., Phares, R.S. (1971). Penns-ylvanian Delta Patterns and petroleum occurrences in Eastern Oklahoma. Buïl. Amer. Assoc. Petroleum. GeoL, 55,8, p, 1206-1230:

  • Widdicombejt. E., Noon,, p. (1984).., Multi-well Faeiolog evaluation, Hartzog Draw Field, Powder River Basin, Wyoming. SPWLA, 25 tk. Ann. Log. Symp.Trans., New Orleans..,

  • Haydar İlkem
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  • Volcanic Gas

  • Laboratory Analyzes

  • Magma

  • Surface Cracks

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