Jeoloji Münendisliği Dergisi
Jeoloji Mühendisliği Dergisi

Jeoloji Mühendisliği Dergisi

1982 OCAK
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Deposition and diagenesis of carbonate rocks on iidaV flats: Stratigraphy of the Manitou Formation in Western Colorado (U.8.A,)
Oğuz İrtem
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ABSTRACT: The Ordovician Manitou Formatton crops out between Aspen and Minturn on Üıe westflank of the Sawateh Range to western Colorado. In this study the Manitou Formation is divided, from baseto top, in to three Utofacies units: intraclastic conglomerate, sandy dolomite, dolomite and chert Theintraclastfe conglomerate Uthofacies consists of dolomite-pebble conglomerates and contains ripplemarks, mud-cracks and horizontal feeding tracks of animals on the bedding planes. The intraclastic cong«lomerate lithofacies was deposited in an Interttdal environment The sandy dolomite uthofacies is represented by dolomites, stromatoliHe banding, and large amounts of detrital meterial, indicating a supratidaJenvironment. The dolomite and chert lithofacies is composed of dolomites and chert nodules, and chert lenses.Large numbers of ecMnodernis, brachlopods and trilobites and chert nodules* and chert lenses. Largenumbers of echinoderms, bracMopods and trilobites can be recognized İn places where recrystallizatton anddolomitizatton is not extensive, The dolomite and chert Uthofacies was deposited in a subttdal environment, Inthe Aspen-Mmturn area the original depositional textures of the Manitou Formaton has been altered completelyby recrystallization and dolomitizatioii

  • Carbonate Rocks

  • Tidal Plains

  • Diagenesis

  • Western Colorado (U.S.A,)

  • Stratigraphy

  • Manitou Formation

  • Banks, Norman G,, 1970, Nature and origin of early and late cherts in the Leadville Limestone, Colorado: Geol. Soc. America Bull, c, 81, s. 3033-304S.

  • Chronic, J,f McCallum, M. E., Ferris, C, S,, a,nd Bggler, D, H*, I960» Lower Paleozoic rocks in diatremes, southern Wyoming and northern Colorado:. Geol, Soc, America Bull,, c, 80, s. 149-156

  • Dunham, R. J,, 1962, Classification of carbonate rocks according- to depositional texture,

  • Foster, N, H., 19f2, Ordovician System, ``Geological Atlas of the Rooky Mountain Region

  • Friedman, G, M., 19§9, Identification of carbonate minerals by staiaiiig methods: Jour. Sed» Pet. rology, c, 29, s. 87-97* ——— — 1965, Terminology of crystallization textures and fabric® in sedlmantary rocks: Jour, Sed. Petrology, c, 35, s. 643-655, • ----- - and Sanders, J, E., 1967, Origin and occurrence of dolostones»

  • Gerhard, Lee C.f 1972, Canadian depositional environments and paleotectonies, central Colorado: Colo. School of Mines Quarterly, c. 67, no. 4, s. 1-36

  • trtem, K>., 1972, Stratigraphy of the Manitou Formation Between Aspen and Minturn, Colorado: M.S. tezi, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado, A3X>,, 68 s., (yaymlanmarm§),

  • Johnson, J. H,, 1934, Paleozoic formations of the Mosquito Range, Colorado: U.S. GeoL Survey, Prof, Paper, 185-B,

  • Liaporte, Leo F„ 1967, Carbonate deposition near sealevel and resultant facias mosaic: Manlius For« mation (Lower Devonian) of New York State: Am, Assoc. Petroleum Geologists BulL, e, 51, B. 73-101,

  • Karstificaiion and Numerical Classification Concept of Karst in Engineering Promets
    Hasan Turgut Öztaş
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, a review of karstüäeaM on is given in detail and potential use of karstclassifications in engineering projects are discussed. Attention was paid ion various karst definitions, the causesand time effects on karsttficatton. Several karst classifications and different criteria were revieiwed andopinions on an engineering-oriented numerical karst ciassifieation fis presented.

  • Karstificaiion

  • Engineering Promets

  • Numerical Classification of Karst

  • Fusible Rocks

  • CHÖRLEY, R,J4 1072, Spatial Analysis in Gêomorphology, 393 B, Methuen and Co. Ltd., London,

  • ERGUVANLrï, K, - YÜ2ER, E, 1974, Keban Barajı Temellerinde ve Dolayındaki Karstlaımanm Etkileri, Türkiye înş. Müh, 6, Teknik Kong,, Konu Nu, I, Tebliğ: 12, s, 1-19, İstanbul,

  • EROSKAY, 8,O, 1975, Kocaeli Yarımadası Güneyindeki Kireçtaşiarmm Hidrojeolojisi ve Karst Parametrelerinin Analizi, TÜBİTAK TBAG-124 Projesi» 105 s., Istanbul,

  • HERAK, M, 1977, Tecto-Genetic Approach to the Classification of Karst Terrains, s, 227-238, The Meeting of the Nat, Seien, Dept of the Yugoslav Academy of Seien, and Arts, Zagreb,

  • KROL, ŒJ, 1978, Groundwater-Rock-Structures, Lee» türe Notes of ITC, 48 a Ensehede-Holland,

  • USZKOWSKI, J, 1970, Problems and Methods in Regional Engineering Geological Research of Karst, First Int Cong, of the Int, Assoc, of Eng, Geology Symposium, Vol. II, s, 882-891, Fra,que,

  • SWEETING, MsMè 1973, Karat Landforms, Columbia Univ, Press, 335 s., New York,

  • YALÇINLAR, Î, 1989, Strüktüral Morfoloji, Cilt, H. Î.Ü, Yayını, Nu, 878, Taş. Matbaası, Istanbul,

  • Field classification of fine-grained sedimektary rocks
    Paul D Lunegard Neil D Samuels Mehmet Önal
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  • Fine-Grained

  • Sedimektary Rocks

  • Field Classification

  • Silt Content

  • Lamination

  • The Study of Sianniie from Madenbelenitepe (Soğukpınar-Eeles, Bursa),
    Ahmet Çağatay Bülent Arman Yilmaz Altun
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    ABSTRACT: The staanlte of Madenbelenltepe ham been an al ay se d by electron micropnobc and Its chemicalformula has been found to be CuÄ(Znöf7Fed,Ä)SiiSj Although the dAô values obtaJned by th© X. raydUractton coincide with that of stnnnite, its chemical composition is different, Therefor©, It i§ supposed thatthe stan ni te of Madenbelënitepe is a different species of stanntto.

  • Madenbelenitepe(Soğukpınar-Keles, Bursa)

  • The Study of Sianniie

  • Quantitative Analyzes

  • Electron Microscopy

  • Çağatay, A,, Alttm T, ve Arman, Bi} İ979f Türkiye`de ilk defa Bursa^Soğul^mar Madenbelenltepe`de saptanan kalay çevherlipnesi, -M,T,A, Enst, dergisi, Ankara» sayı 92

  • Levy» C,L.» 1966, Contribution à la minéralogie des sulfures de cuivre du type Cu3 XSr Mem, Bur, Rech, Geol. et Minëleres. Der A 4652, No. 5499, 158a

  • Lévy, CL., et Frouvest, J.» 1957, Rapport entre la chalcopiritej la stannite et la rénierite, »Bull. Soc, fr. Minerai» 8, pp. 52.66,

  • Moh, G, H,f I960» Experimentalle Untersuchengen an Zinnkiesen und analogen Germaniumverblndun« gen, -N, Jarbs Min, Abh# 94, Festband Ramdohr, s, 1125.1146, Stuttgart,

  • Moh, G. H,, 1961, Neue Untersuchungen der Mineralgruppen Zinnkies -Fahlere Fartsçh, d, Mintralogie, 39, s, 352,

  • Moh, G. H.» 1960, The tin-sulphur system and related minerals, - N, Jahrb, Miner, Abh, 111, s. 227-263, Stuttgart,

  • Moh, G,H, ve Ottemann, J,, 1962, Neue Untersu^uïigen an Zinkiesen und Zinkiesvérwandten, — N, Jahrb, Abhs , 99, s, 1-28 Stuttgart

  • Ramdohr, P., 1975, Die Erzmineralien und ihre Verwachsungen, « 4, bearbeitete und erweiterte Auflage. Akademie verlag Berlin, s, 587-603,

  • Metasomatik mning and a discussion on the Uludağ skarn mne
    Kemal İnan
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    ABSTBACT: Similar features exhibited by numbers of skarn zones is thought to be a reflection mi thesimilarities of the conditions operated during the skarn formation. Studes on varlDn« skarn reveal that ikarnproducing metasomattc transport can be of diffusion or infiltration types. Skarn zones mî Uludaf in view of thecondition of formation and the tMctaaem that they are exMbi^g» the difusion mechanism Is thought to beeffective in endoskarns development. The exoskarns, however, are the product of infîltratîon controlledmetasomattc transport, and the zonation within exoskarn is believed to be the result of the selective precipitationdue to pH variation from the plutonfo body towards the marbles of Uludağ,

  • Metasomatik Mning and a Discussion

  • Uludağ

  • Skarn Mne

  • Mineral Sequence

  • BROCK, K.J. (1972). Genesis of Gamet Hill Skarn, Galaveras County» California, Bull. Geol, Soc, Am, 83, 3391 . 404

  • BURT, D.M., (1974), Metasomatic zoning in Ca-Fe-Si exoskara. In HOFMANN, A, W. GlLETTÎ, B,J„ YODER, H.S. Jr. and YUND, R,A, (Ed) ``Geoc. hemieal Transport and Kinetics

  • FONTAttLfflS, M. (1962), Contribution a L`étude des Skarns de Kamioka perfecture de Gifu, Japon, Jour, Fac, Sei. Univ. Tokyo, v, 14, 153-227,

  • HOFMANN, A, (1972), Chromatographie theory of infiltration metasomatism and its application to feldspars. Am, J, Sei. 272, 69-90

  • IN AN, K. (1979), Uludaf Skarn ÏCu§afinia Petrojenez ve Jeokimyası. Doçentlik Tezi İT,Ü, Maden Fakültesi.

  • K11RRÎCK, D.M, (1977), Contact metamorphism in some areas of the Sierra Nevada, California, BulL Geol, Soc, Am, 71, 2918-38,

  • KERRÎCK, D.M. (1977), The Genesis of zoned skarns in the Sierra Nevada, California, Jour, Petrol. 18» 144-81

  • KERRÎC, D.M., HUNT, J.A., WALL, V,J,f 1973, Experiments on some equilibria involving calesilicate phases, Geol, Soc, Am, Abstr, Program, 5, 693,

  • KORZHmSKÎt, D.S. (1964). Regime of acidity during postmagmatic processes. Nedra, 22. tntr. Geol, Congr.

  • KORZHmSKÜ, D,S„ 1959, The advancing wave of acidic components in ascending solutions and hydrothermal acid-base differantiation, Geoehim* Coomachim, Acta. 17,, 17*20

  • KORZHÎNSKÎt» D,S, (1970), Theory of metasomatic Zoning, Oxford, clarendon Press,

  • TARASOV, V.A. (1966). On the formation of skarn - polymetailie deposits at Kurusay, Geochîm, Intern,, 3, 628=35,

  • THOMPSON, A,B, (1975). Calc-siUcate diffusion zones between marble and pelitle schist, J. Petrology» 16, 314-46,

  • THOMPSON, J.B, Jr. (1959). Local equilibrium in metasomatic processes, in ABEDSON. P,H, (Ed)* Reseourches in Geochemistry. New York, John Wiley and Sons,

  • VIDALE, R.J. (1969`), Metasomatism in a chemical gradient and the formation of calc-silicate bands. Am, J, Sei, 267, 857-74.

  • ZHARtKOV, V.A. (1970). Skarns. Int. Gëol. Rev, İ2, 541-59, 619-47, 760-75.

  • The application of two new practical methods to Konya-Çumra Magnesite field in the computation of slope angles as a first approximation
    Reşat Ulusay
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    ABSTBACT: In this article» two new practical methods of solution developed on the subject »of Mope stabilityanalysis which are paramount importance in open pits and the evaluation of feasibility studies, used whenthe need of computing the slope angles as first approximations arises are explained and the application ofthese to Konya , Çumra magnesite field are presented,

  • Slope Angles

  • Konya-Çumra

  • Magnesite Field

  • Slope Stability

  • Mineral Deposits

  • AKÖCAL, O,f 1977, Tekke Tepe-Sinci (Konya-Çumra) manyezit sahasının Jeoloji ve ekonomi İncelemesi, MTA Derleme Rap, No, 1106/İ (yayınlanmamış).

  • BISHOP, A.W., 1955, The use of the slip circle in the stability analysis of earth slopes, Geoteehnique, Vol. 5, 7-17.

  • HQEK, E., 1970, Estimating the stability of excavated slopes in opencast mines, Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, A105, A132.

  • HÖEK, Es ve BRAY, J.W., 1977, Rock slope engineering, Stephen Austin and Sons Ltd, Hertford, 402 s.

  • LAMBE, W.T. ve WHITMAN, R.V., 1969, Soil mechanics, John Wiley and Sons, New York,

  • PROCLICH, O.K., 1955, General theory of the stability of slopes, Geotechnique, Vol. 5, 87-47

  • TAYL#OR, D.W., 1948, Fundamentals of soil mechanics, John Wiley and Sons, New York,

  • ULUS AY, R,, 1978^ Şev denge analizlerinde kullanılan pratik yöntemler, MTA Derleme Rap, No, 8208, Ek-1 (Çizelgeler bölümü) (yayınlanmamı^.

  • Classification by type of large antimony deposits
    A Zizbrman R Serment Ramiz Özocak
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  • Large Antimony Deposits

  • Volcanism

  • Plutonism

  • Orogeny

  • İgneous Rocks

  • Sedimentary environments research and its benefits in minerals exploration and mining
    Muzaffer Şenol
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    ABSTBACT: The known ore deposits on earth are being used up day by day to meet th© increasing needsof the mankind and the cost of mineral exploration and mining rises eonttntBMiily, Thus it is necessary to applynewer and more sophisticated methods for this purpose.Sedimentary environments research might reveal the genuine aspects of the mincraU/ation such as itsgeometry, its vertical and hortoantal distribution, its position and various eharacterif§tic# of different elementwhich affect the mineralization and one can quess the possible potential of it.Therefore it Is required to lmow the faciès eharacteristteg and their relationships with the mineralizationfor a sensible mining

  • Sedimentary

  • Environments Research

  • Minerals Exploration and Operation

  • Mining

  • ÖOLEMAN, JM,, 196g, Deltaic evolution, im: Fairbridge R„ ed., Encyclopedia of geomorpholof y, p, 225=261 New York, Reinhold,

  • ŞENOL, M„ 1980, Keşan (Edirne) ve Marmara Ereflisi (Tekirdaf ) yörelerinde Oligosen ya§lı birimlerin çökel ortamları ve linyit oluşumları T.J.K, bül, c, 28, S, % s, 133-140.

  • Baki Canik
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    ABSTRACT: in Çiçekdağı Mahmutlu village there are thermal water springs in two different areasalong with the fault line.The yield of the Büyük hamam is 28 1/sn and its temperature is 64 9C, The yield of Bagdafcuflu spring is1.6 1/s its temperature is 10° O.According to the analysis results applied in different years the quantity of melted material changesfrom 3102.06 mg/1 to 439&S2 mg/1,These are mixed originated waters; have gained their peculiar quality with the effects of some innersourced components and with the effects of vadoses waters heated with geothermal gradients.The water of the Büyük hamam is thermal water containing sodium, calcium, chloride, sulfate withsilicic acid, CO^ and radioactivity.Protection area of thermal waters i§ advised as three concentric stones.In addition to their usage in cures thermal waters Must be used to keep the greenhouses warm to growearly vegetables. 

  • Çiçekdağı-Mahmutlu

  • Hot Springs

  • Hydrogeology

  • Geothermic Gradient

  • Heating Greenhouses

  • CANÎK, B,f 1973, Aya§ İçmece ve Kaplıcasının jeoloji - Hidrojeoloji Etüdü, MTA dergisi, sayı 80, Ankara. — • 1980, Bolu Sıcak Su Kaynaklarının Hidrojeoloji İncelemesi, S,Ü,FSF, yayınları - Yerbilimleri No. 1, s, 74, Konya

  • CASTANY, G.» 1063, Traité pratique des eaux souterraines, Dunod, Paris

  • EEGUVANLI, K. ve Yttor, Eit 1973, Yeraltı Suları Jeolojisi, ÎTÜ, yayını, Sayı 967, İstanbul.

  • HEM, J.P., 1970, Study and interpretation of the ehemieai characteristics of natural water, Geological survey water - supply paper 1473» Washington

  • MORBTf Ls , 1946, Les sources theraiominirales hydrogéologie, géochimie, biologie, Masson et cie, Paris

  • SCHOBLLER, H„ 1962, Les eaux souterraines, Masson et oie, Parts

  • raORNTBWAÏTE, C.W., 1948, An approach a rational classification of climate, the geographical review, volume 88, New-York,

  • YENAL., O. vb,, 1971, Türkiye Maden Suları, Sayı 4, îç Anadolu Bölgesi, İÜ. Tıp Fakültesi Hidro-Klimatoloji Kürsüsü, İstanbul.

  • 1977, Uluslararası Hidrojeologlar Birliği (AnT), 1/1,500,000 ölçekli Avrupa Sıcak ve Mineralli Su, lar Haritası Lejandı.

  • PolymeialUc ore deposits of the U.BS.R, and Borne features of these deposits
    Adnan İnan
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    ABSTRACT: The aïin of this article is to give genera! informations about the polymetalH© are deposit» ofthe U.fiUSkB. The article is baaed on the lectures that given at course which was organized on 16.8„16*7*1981In Azerbaijan State University (Baku) of VMMM*

  • U.BS.R

  • Polymetalic Ore Deposits

  • Ore Mineral

  • Volcano - Sedimentary

  • BABAZADE, V,, 1981, Kurs Notlar^ Âzerbeycan Devlet Üniversitesi,

  • SMİENOV, V.l., 1977, Ore Deposits of the U,SSS,R. Volume II, p, 182-256B

  • Sovyetler Birliği Coğrafya Atlası, Jeoloji ve Tektonik Haritaları,

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