Jeoloji Münendisliği Dergisi
Jeoloji Mühendisliği Dergisi

Jeoloji Mühendisliği Dergisi

1985 TEMMUZ
COVER
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COPYRİHT PAGE
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CONTENTS
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TO OUR READERS
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Oopper Mineralizations of Beniğli-VakifkÖy
Ala Bilgin
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ABSTRACT: Üh@ study area to at th© Northwest of Valkifktty which belongs tô Tovos, Denizli at the Southwest AnatoMa, Oopper mlneralizatioıı occurs in the quarte-ffwuscovlte-CÄlcicMst belongtog to Pateossofe formation». In tWte formation, at Vt cuffearent places, copper mme^alizäMon are prospected and mapped. According to reserve calcutottwi», It was seem that 46 170 tons of or© with %O.0 Ou is found at our research area. In order this copper deposits to be worked, new reserves should to© cüsçoveri* For this purpose a geoeheinkiil prospecting had been done In th© In,vestfga1lon< area, primary and secondary dispersion pattern of Oti elêm©iit to the wall rock wa« studied

  • Denizli-Vakıfköy

  • Oopper Mineralizations

  • Geochemistry

  • Mineralogy

  • Petrography

  • BÎLGÖJ, A,, 1978, Denizli-Babadağ1 dolayının jeoloji, petrografi ve jeokimya«!, Atatürk Üniv, Fen Fak, (Doktora t e z i )

  • BÖR,OIBBRT, H,f 1968, Denizli Vilayeti Tavas civarındaki Vakıfköy`ün NW`sindaki bakır zuhurları hakkında rapor, MTA rap, no, 4818 (yayınlanmamış),

  • DORA, O.Ö., 1975, Menderes masifinde alkali feldspatların yapısal durumları ve bunların petrojenik yorumlarda kullanılması, TJÏC Bült^ 18,2,111- 127

  • ELıtOT, I.L»., 1975, Qeoohemical exploration, Elsevier Seien, Fubl. Oornp,, Oöcford, 191-219

  • GÜMÜŞ, A., 1974, Metalik maden yatakları, KTÜ Yay,, 59, Trabzon,

  • KÖKSOY, M,} 1975, Keban m`adeni dolayında jeokimyasal sızıntı anomalileri. TJK Bült., 18,2,131-139,

  • ONAY, T,, 1949 Über die Schmirgelgesteine SW Anatoliens. Schweiz. Min, Petr. Mitt,, Bd, 29,

  • ÖZTUNALiE, Öti 1973, Maden Yatakları oluşumları ve değerlendirmeleri. Lâtin Matb,, Istanbul,

  • PÎŞÎRÎR, Mt , 1969j Denizli Tavas bakır zuhurları jeoloji raporu, MTA rap, nos 4092 (yayınlanma» mış).

  • SAWA, T,, 1968, Investigation of copper deposite at Tavas mine, MTA rap, no, 4200 (yayınlanmamış)

  • SOYSAL, U., 1976, Dünyada ve Türkiye`de metal ve mineral kaynaklarının, potansiyeti, ticareti, beklenen gelişmeleri, MTA yay,, 159 19-20,

  • An Approch on the Classification of the Natural Waters
    Ali Şahinci
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    ABS TRACT: To find the percentage of anlon« and cations takes tun« on the trilfeear and shaped diagram®, wMch have been used for the classification of natural waters. The proposed .classification in this paper, the allions and cations are designated with capital and small letters (A = HOO~3 + CO- , B = 8O-4, O = Cl-, a = Oa++, b = Mg++, c = Na+ K+)è The dtemönd»»haped dlagram » Is `subdivided in to nine area and denoted with roman numbers. The anton`s aM cation`s triMeear diagrams are split up In to seven groups and six subgroup Each group and subroup possess thirteen class. The groups and class are defined in order by the ani ons and by the cations. Hence, one hundred sixty nine class appear. In the classification, the percentage of ions is follow by order of growth and labeled by a staple formula, Ions of less than 80%, are not displayed in the formula, Cheraical properittos of several analysis of water can be easily identified by this classification. For example, sea water Is labeled as C-lXc in the.

  • Waters Classification

  • Natural Waters

  • Allion

  • Cation

  • Palmer, Ohase (İ91İ) : The geoehtmlcal interpretation of water analyses, US Geol. Survey Bull, 479, 31 pp,

  • Piper, A.M. (1944) : A graphic procedure in the ge- ©chemical interpretation of water-analyses, Trans, Amer, Geophys, Union, 25

  • Scholler, H. (1962) ; Les eaux souterraines, Massen et Oie,

  • Şahinci, A4 (1976) : Göksu ve Göldefirmeni kaynak, larmm incelenmesi, Ooç/Uk tezi, E.Ü, Fen Fakültesi,

  • Şahinci, A, (1984) ; Doğal sularda elementlerin çözünürlük etkenler, (Baskıda)

  • White, D, E,, Hem, J, De, Waring, G, A. (1963) : Chemical composition of subsurface waters. Data of gecahemistry, 6 th, Ed, Us Geol4 Survey prol paper, 440-F, 67,

  • Mollusca fauna of "Karaisalı, Kuzgun and Memişli formations" İn Körlü (Tarsus-Mersin) area,
    Ümit Tanar
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    ABSTBACT: İn Körlü (Tarsus-Memn) region, the sedimeııts of Neogene ag#, uncomtfownaMy laveDlle the sediments of Upper Paleogene age. These sedjment®, hmmg 280 maters of totol tWetoess/ are divMed in to three FormattTOs, which contain the mollusc fauna of the Tethys basto and are named, from bottom to top as follows : — Karaisalı Formation (Burdigalian) — Kuzgun Formation (Tortonian) — Memîşlî Formation (Messinian) The rich marine mollusc fauna such as t Conus (Cheiyconus) pyrula Brocchî var, mucromata Erentöz, W&B Strombus (Strombus) coronatus (Defrance in Basterot), 182^ CrasEOstrea gryi>hoides (Schlothelm), 1818 are well developped M Tortonian age. It is accepted that, starting from the Late Tortonian age, the marune properties of the region have been disappeared by the first oeeurence of Pirenella picta in töne. These Forinatlons are overlain by the continental sediments of PMoeene age.

  • Körlü(Tarsus-Mersin)

  • Karaisali,Kuzgun,Memişli Formations

  • Mollusca Fauna

  • Akarsu, t,, Tuna 1962, Adana Baseni hakkında jeolojik rapor: T.P.AA, Rapor No: 214 (Yayımlanmamış),

  • Basterot, M„ 1825, Description gelogique du Bassin Tertiaire du Sud-Quest de la France, le partie: Mém, Soc, Hist, Nat, Paris,

  • Biumentnal, M,? 1938, Adana-Seyhan Birinci Toros Raporu: Maden Tetkik Arama Enst,, Ankara, Rapor No: 677 (Yayımlanmamı!),

  • Gharpiat, R„ 1923, Recherches sur révolution des Cerithidae tertiaires du Bassin de Paris, Particulièrement sur l`importance des caractères internes et de leur coquille pour une classification naturelle : These, Paris (Les Presses Universitaires de France)

  • Ohaput, M,, 1954, Adana ovası ve bu ovanın kenar bölgelerinde icra edilmiş araştırmalar hakkında rapor : Maden Tetkik Arama Enst., Ankara, Rapor No: 2520 (Yayımlanmamış)

  • Oossmann, M., 1906, Essais de Païêoconchologie comparée, Vol. 12, Paris,

  • Cas&mann, M„ Peyrot ,A., Conehologie neogénique de l`Aquitaine: t,I,1909-1912; tJI,19İ4; t.in, 1929; t.IV, 1924, Actes de la Société, I innéenne de Bordeau

  • Dollfus, G,F„ Bautzenberg, Ph., 1920, Conchyliologie du Miocène moyen du Bassin de la Loire : Mim» Soc, géol, Frsj Paléontol., Mém, nû27, Paris

  • Erentdz, L,, 1958, Mollusques du Néogène des Bassins de Karaman, Adana et Hatay (Turquie) : Maden Tetkik Arama Enst, Yayınl., Ankara, série G, No. 4,

  • Föley, E, J., 1937, Seyhan havalisinin stratigraifsi hakkında rapor: Maden Tetkik Arama Ens., Ankara, Rapor No: 248, 23 s, (Yayımlanmamış).

  • Fontannes, F., 1886, Contribution à la faune malaeologique des terrains néogènes de la Roumanie: Arch, Mus, Hist, nat, Lyon, t,IV, 49p„ 2pl. Lyon

  • Qignoux, M,, 1913, Les formations marines pliocenes et quaternaires de l`Italie du Sud et de la Sicile: Thèse, Lyon

  • Glîbtrtj M,, 1949, Gastropodes du Miocène moyen du Bassin de la Loire: Mém, Inst, r. Sei. nat, Belgique, (2), fasc. 30. Bruxelles,

  • Görür, N., 1979, Karaisalı Kireçtaşının (Miyosen) Sedimantolojisi : T.J.K. Bult,? Ankara, Cilt: 22, sayı 2, sayfa 2Ä7-229

  • Hoernes, M„ 1856, Die Fossilen. Molusken des TerÜaerbeckens von Wien: Şd, I, Gastropoden, Abh, Geol, Reichsanst. 3, 786 séJ 52 Taf, Wien

  • Jekelius, EL, 1944, Sarmat und Pont von Bocenl (Ba= nat): Mem, Inst, geol, Romaniei, vol. V, Bucuresti

  • Kırk, EM^ 1935, Seyhan mıntıkası hakkında Jeolojik istikşaf Raporu: Maden Tetkik Arama Bhst,, Ankara, Rapor No: 21Ô, ( Yayımlanmamış)

  • Küçükçetin, A,, 1940, Adana Toros`larmı çevreleyen Burdigaliyen Formasyonu hakkında stratigrafik bazı bilgiler : Maden Tetkik Arama Engt,, An^ kara, Rapor No: 1900, 4s, (Yayımlanmamış)

  • Küçükçetin, A,, 1950, Adana-Hacıkırı-Topallı Bölgeai Jeolojik Raporu : Maden Tetkik Arama Enst,, Ankara, Rapor No: 1870, (Yayımlanmamış),

  • Moore, C, 1971S Treatise on Invertebata. Palentology: N 1129, Geological Society of America, Univer» sity of Kansas, New-York,

  • Papp, A,, 1954, Die Molluskenfauna im Sarmat des Wiener Backens: Mitt, Geol, Ges. Wien, Bd, 45, Wien

  • Papp, Aè , 1974, Die Molluskenfauna der Sarntatischen Schichtengruppe-Chronostratigraphie und Neostratotypen Miozän, M5 Sarmatien, Bratislava,

  • özer, B,, Duval, B., Courrier, P., 1074, Antalya-Mut ve Adana Neojeıı Havzasının Jeolojisi: Türkiye II, Petrol Kongresi, Tebliğler, sayfa, 57-84

  • Sacco, F., 1893, I Molluschi dei terreni treziarii del Pîemonte e della Ldguria: pt. VI-XXX, Torino,

  • Schaff er, F., 1910, Das Miocan von Eggenburg, Die fauna der ersten Medlterraneanstufe des Wiener Beckens und die geolofisehen Verhaltnisse der Umgebung des Manhartsberges in Nieder Österreich : Abhandlungen, k,k, geologischen Reich, hsanstallt

  • Schmidt, G„ 1961, VII. Adana petrol bölgesinin stratig» rafik nomenklatürü: Petrol Dairesi yayım, No: 6, Ankara

  • Simicneseu, ISJ Barbu, I,Z4) 1940, La faune sarmatienne de Roumanie; Mém. Inst. Géeol. Roum,, Vol. Ill, Bucuresti

  • Stchepinsky, V., 193S, Contribution à Fêtude du Sahellen de Tunisie : Thèse Ingên, Dr., no 41, Paris,

  • Ternek, Z.? 1953, Marsin-Tarsus kuzey bölgesinin jeolojisi: Maden Tetkik Arama Enst,, Ankara, Rapor No: 49 (Yayımlanmamış),

  • Ternek, Zif 1957, Adana Havzasının alt Miyosen (Burdîgaliyen) formasyonları. Bunların diğer formasyonlarla olan münasebetleri ve petrol imkanları: Maden Tetkik Arama Enst,, Ankara, Rapor No: 4,9 (Yayımlanmamış)

  • Wenz, W,, 1938, Gastropoda: Handbuch der Palaozoologie. Band 6, Cilt 1.

  • The features and genesis of Antalya travertines
    Nurdan İnan
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    ABSTBAGT: Plio-Qiiartery travertine are located in the areas of 6B0 Kml on the Antalya plain, Travertine », composed of ealeiiimaarbanate oomponent, ar© the product of secondary precipitates., Travertines whltoh are also fownad at the present show four different types according to the environmental condition. The poro §Ity, water sucking and pêrmability of these travertines are abundant. Massive and plant-tissue massive travertin« COB be used as building material without strength and making lime.

  • Antalya

  • Travertines Formation

  • Calcium Carbonate

  • Porosity

  • Permeability

  • Water Suction

  • Altınlı, E,, 1944, Antlya Bölgesinin Stratiğrafik Etüdü, Î.Ü. Fen Faks Mecm, Seri B, Cilt, 0, Sayı 3,

  • Altug, A., 1977, Antalya traverteninde boya deneyleri, DsS,t, Teknik rap, Nö : 6,

  • Altuğ, A,: Ertung, A., 1979, Antalya Bofogay ovası hidrojeolojisi, O.S.Î. Teknik rapi} No ; 0901-J 1.

  • Ayday, O. ve Dumont, J.F., 1979, Antalya travertenlerinde görülen dimlmelerde elde edilen Landsat görüntüleri üzerinde yapılan gözlemler, Neotek« tonik ve hidrojeoloji arasında olabilecek bafmtıların tartışması, M.T.A. Ens, Dergisi, 02, 131- 134

  • Blumenthal, MM 1947, Seydişehir - Beyşehir Hinteıs lantmdaki Toros Dağlarının Jeolojisi. M,T,Ât Enş. Yayınları, Seri D, No : 2.

  • Blumenthal, M„ 1951 Batı Toroslarda Alanya Ard Ülkesinde Jeolojik Araştırmalar, M.T.A. Ens, Ens, Yayınları, Seri D, Nö : 5,

  • Brunn, JèH,} 1970, Structures majeures et correlation ötragraphiques dans les TaurMes oecidentales, ll

  • Ertunc, A., 1079, Kırkgöz kaynakları ve dolayının jeojisi, D.S,t, Teknik rap, No : 32,

  • İnan, N., 1980, Antalya Traverteni, M.T.A. Enâ, Derleme No : 7175

  • Kalafatçıoglu, A4f 1974, Antalya körfezi batı kısmının jeolojisi, M.T,A. En®, Dergisi, No i 81t

  • Kocyigit, A.f 1984, Güneybatı Türkiye ve yakın dolayında levha içi yeni tektonik gelişim, Türkiye Jeoloji Kurumu Bülteni, Cilt 27, aayı İ,

  • Lefevre, R, ; 1986, Données nouvelles sur la stratigraphie du Cretase superior dans la massif des Bey» dağları, O.R, Aead, Sei, Paris, Seri D, 288, 1020-1032

  • Lef evre, R,, 1970, Sshema structural et esquisse strag» raphic des nappes dJAntalya dans leur segment sud-occidental (Taurus Lyeien, Tur quie) O,FL. Acad, Sei, Paris, 271, 888-891.

  • Özgül, N,; Arpat, E., 1978, Structural units of the Taurus orogenic belt ana their continuation in neighbouring regions, selection of papers on the Eastern Mediterranean region presented at the 28 rd eongrees of Ciesm in Athens, November 1972, Bull of the Geol, Soci, of Greece, 10,1, 156=164

  • Robertson, A.H.F., 1981, Metallofenesis on a Mesozoic passive continental margin, Antalya comp» lex, Southwest Turkey. Hearth an planetary science ltters, Vol. 54, p« 323-845,

  • Robertson, A.H.F., Woodcock, N.H., 1982, Wrench and Thrust tectonics along a Mesozoic-Cenozoic continental margin : Antalya complex, SW Turkey, Journal of the geological society, Vol. 139, part 2, pp. 147-163

  • Şengör, A.M,C„ Yılmaz, YéJ 19S2, Türkiye`de tetirin gelişimi. Yeryuvarı ve însan, cilt 7, sayı 1.

  • Tagkın, C, 1983, Türkiye`de Yapı Malzemesi ve So*, runları Paneli, T.M.M.O.B. Jeol, Müh, Odası yayınları, Üo : 15,

  • Yılmaz, O,P., 1^82 , Doğu Akdeniz`in jeolojik gatısı içinde Antalya karmaşıfınm yapısal evrimi, Yeryuvarı ve însan, Cilt 7, sayı 3,

  • H. Ziehr K. Matzke O. Ott V. Vöuttsidis Mehmet Sezai Kirikoğlu
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    ABSTBACT: In 19Î4, thıoHte wm detected for the first tim© to the aHupdolom* (Oa^) md In Urn Hafc tendoloniit (Öa^) of the MMle ZeçhaWnformattôn near Eschwege âJad Sontra, He§aia# It was confirmed by means of dHlifog, chemical sad geochemlc^ MvesttgaMtons that m& fluorite to t^ HaupWolomit to stratabouiidL It occurs both locally to the İmm af macroscopic dark layer» mé lenses of up to 0.5 m thtog« aess smä moréoften, as mmm up to 1MÖ m thldte # É cannot maçroscopleaJly be distingulslied from the greyMt wMte dolomite without fluorite because of the low OaF# content (less tton 10 %), The fluorite contents vary between 10 and 50% OaF^ in the dark black layers. Bpedal^mples may contain op to 80 ^ OaFfl. The to^k colour derlvespartly firona the Mac fluorite but to a. greater degree fram bitumons material. Fluolrte has also been detected to the stmttgraphically hlgber Plattendolomit (Oa.,) of the Letae-iert. ei z S, Outcrops and quarries near Sontoa have local contenta of 1=4 % OàF|É The macroscopic and microscopiö toterstratiflcâtton of fluorite and dolomite with clear layer textures ani the absence M hydrothermal fluorite and other minerals in veins of fissures are evidence for a synsedimentary formation of the fluorite to the Hauptdolomlt (Caf) and the Plattendolomit (Ga.5)# The Ha~ aptdolomit to thought to have developed during late diagenesîn. This should be valid for the flmorlte, too* SlmMow lagoons M a saliiar facles are thought to have been the depositional environment. The fluorite precipitated from the sea water», which ware apparently endlched to fluorine byerosion at the fluorine rich granite» of the Harz m©ıratato§# Warn Is the only obvious explaantion o fthe large amounts of fluorine m the Zechsteta dolomite, estimated at 5J? s l^fconnes €aFr

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