Jeoloji Münendisliği Dergisi
Jeoloji Mühendisliği Dergisi

Jeoloji Mühendisliği Dergisi

1979 MAYIS
COVER
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COPYRİHT PAGE
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CONTENTS
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TO OUR READERS
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Geology and problems of dating of Neogene basins in Gedig and southern Emet
Hasan Gün Necati Akdeniz Erdoğdu Günay
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ABSTRACT:. In the basins of Emet and Gediz, Tertiary and Quaternary sediments and volcanic rocks are widespread. The rocks of the Neogene age unconformably overlie the basement rocks which are upper Cretaceous or Pre-Ctetaceous in age, The Miocene and the Pliocene Sediments are of terrestrial origin, being accurately datey by radiometriö, palinologic and paléontologie methods. They were deposited in the intermontane basins representing different faciès. An angular unconformity has been found between the rock units of Miocene and Pliocene age especialy in the southern part of the investigated area. The volcanic activity continued during the Moeene and the Pliocene periods* Plio-Quaternary and Quaternary sediments are represented by coarse grained fluviatUe deposits,

  • Gediz-Emet

  • Neogene Basins

  • Problems of Dating

  • Discordant

  • Palentology

  • Radiometry

  • AKKUŞ, M, F., (3M2) : Kütahya - Gediz arasında ki sahanın Jeolojisi M.T.A, Dergisi s, 58f 21-30

  • ARPAT, E- BÎNGÖüU E, (1969) : Ege bölgesi graben sisteminin gelişimi üzerine düşünceler M.T.A* Dergisi s: 73, 1-9

  • AKDENİZ, N. -KONAK, N: (1979) : Simav - EmetDursunbey - Demirci yörelerinin jeolojisi M.T.A, Derleme Rap, No :

  • BİNGÖL, E. (1974) : Muratdağı merkezi kesiminin je^ okgisi magmatik metamorfik kayaçların pet= roloji ve jeokronolojisi - ANKARA

  • BmaöU E. ARPAT, E. (1969): 23 Mart 1969 De« mirci-Sındırgı, 28 Mart 1980 Alaşehir Depremleri M,T, A, Derleme Rap, No: 4172

  • ERGİN, K, (1972): Gediz Depremi,

  • ERCAN, T, . DÎNÇEL, A, - GÜNAY, E. - TÜRKECAN, A, (1977): Uşak Yöresinin jeolojisi ve volkanitlerin Petrolojisi M.T.A, Derleme Rap.

  • CAWLJK, J. (1956): Borate deposits of Emet Neoge^ ne basin M;TäA, Derleme Rap, No: 2470

  • GÜN, H, (1971): Kula-B§me bölgesinde mevcut Radyoaktif seviyenin etüdüne ait Rapor M.T.A, Derleme No: Sİ59*

  • GÜN» H, (1975): Gediz İlçesi (Kütahya İli) Neojen havrası ve güneyinin jeolojisi Master teM, îst, Üniv, Fen Fak, Jeoloji Enst, va M.T.A, Derleme Rapor No:

  • GÜN, H, - BİNGÖL, Eä - AKDENÎ2, N. ~ GÜNAY, E, (1976): Géologie du Bassin tertiaire des Re« gions Nord-Est du massif d© Menderes. Bull, Soc, GéoL France t, XVXn, no: 2, p. 451-458

  • HELVACI, q-FIRMAN, R.J.-(1977): Emet Borat Yataklarmm jeolojik Konumu ve Mineralojisi« Jeoloji Mühendislifi Dergisi, Sap: 2, p. 17-28.

  • SBLLIIY, R,Ö, (1973): Eski Çökelme ortamları, Prof. Dr, I.E. Altınlı tercümesi 1st, Üniv; TatMM Jeoloji Kürsüsü

  • Fosailiferous plaser occurrences and reïictê of ultrabasic rocks of Precambrian age near Taşbaşî; Çukurca-HakkarL
    Ahmet Çağatay
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    ABSTRACT: Syngenetically fomıed Çukurca-Ta^bafi fossiüferous plaser deposit occura in Cambriaıı quartzites, Microscopic investigations on samples taken from the deposit revealed various heavy minerals (haematite with rutüe, haematite, rutile, chromite, ilmenite, magnetite, limonite, psüomelane, pyırhotite, ehaJcopyrite, zircon and tourmaline), quartz, feldspar (microline, orthoclase and plagioclase), rock fragments, sericite, chlorite and muscovite. Chemical analyses of the samples shewed high concentrations of F^O3, mo2 and ZrOi, H future feasibility studio in the area give positive results the Çukurca-Ta§bap fossiMferous plaser deposit can be economical for Ti, Fe and Zr production. Additionally, the presence of chromite suggests that this mineral originated from ultrabasic rocks of Vre- Cambrian age.

  • Hakkari-Çukurca-Taşbaşı

  • Fosailiferous Plaser Occurrences

  • Ultrabasic Rocks

  • Minerals

  • Microscopic Studies

  • Aksu, R, ve dif erleri, 107» UludereJHakkari^Çükurea dolayı Paleozoik istifmin temel jeoloji Özellikleri.- 33, Türkiye jeoloji bilimsel ve teknik kurultayında bildiri olarak sunuldu. Ankara

  • Andren T, ve Doughty F, T, C. 1971, TJpgading iron» sanda at New Zealand Steel.-Minlng Magazine, London, March, pp. 200-203,

  • Bascom, Wn 1960, Beaches.- Scientific American, August, Offprint 845, Freeman and Comp,, San Francisco.

  • Bülow, Kè . von, 1951, Schwer mineralseifen an der Meeklenburgschen Ostseeküste,-Archiv für Lagerstaettenforsehung, Heft 81, Akademie Verlag G, m, b, H,, Bariin

  • Çafatay, A. ve Arda O., 1977, Mineralojik rapor no 97-945g.-Numune arşiv no 105390. M.T.A, Enstitüsü Mİn.-Petrog, servisi arşivlerinde, Ankara yayınlanmamış,

  • Çafatay, A. ve Üregel N., 1978, Metin Çelikorsô ait numunelerin mikroskopik incelenmesi M.T.A, Enstitüsü mineraloji ve petrografi arşivinde, Ankara, yayınlanmamış

  • Davidson, O* F,f 1956, The economic geology of thorium,-Mining Magazine, voL 94, No, 4, pp. 197-208, London,

  • Friedrich, G., 1974, Schwermineral sandvrkommen im Küstenbereieh Àugtraliens.-Erzmetallj Band 27, s. 350-353, Stuttgart.

  • Gallagher, M, J,, 19f 4, Rutile and zircon in Northumbrian beach sands. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, Transactions/Section B (Applied earth science), London, August, pp. B 97-B 98

  • Gardner, D. Mt 1955, Beach-sand heavy-mineral deposits of eastern AustraHa.-Australia Bureau Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics,- Bull. 28,

  • Gillson, J, I*., 1950, Deposits of heavy minerals on the Brazilian coast.-Mining Engineering (AIME), Transactions, vol. 187, New York, pp, 685*693,

  • Gillson, J, I., 1959, Sand deposits of titanium minerals,- Transactions of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers (Allara ), vol. 214 pp, 421-429, New York,

  • Ingh, J, C. Jr., 1966, The movement of beach sand-Developments in Sedimentology» 5, Elsevier, Amsterdam

  • Johnson, D, W,, 191», Shore processes and shoreline development. John Wiley and Sons,

  • Ketin, % 1979, Hakkart-Çukurea arasının büyük Zap suyu boyunca jeolojik kesiti,- S3, Türkiye jeo« loji Bilimsel ve teknik kurultayında bildiri olarak sunuldu, Ankara,

  • Köksoy, M,, 1975, Doğu Karadeniz plaser manyetit yatakları. Türkiye madencilik bilimsel ve teknik kongresi.- Maden mühendisleri odası yayınları, s. 435-451, Ankara

  • Kuenen, H,, 1950, Marine Geology.-New York

  • Lütting, G,, 1974, Seifenlagerstaetten an der nieder« saechsishen Küste.-Glückauf, 110,, Essen, s. 169-171,

  • Mason, M, A,, 1950, Geology in shore=control problems»- Oıapter 15, pp. 176-290 in: P, D, Trafik, Applied Sedimentation, John Wiley and Sons, New York etc,

  • Pfeiffer, H,, 1972, Sçhwermineralsëifen, Küstendynamik uni Sedimenthaushalt sandiger Flachküsten Mecklenburgs. Jahrbuch für Geologie, herausgegeben vom Zentralen Geologischen Institut der D.D.R. Band 4, Berlin.

  • Ramdohr, P., 1975, Die Efzmineralien und ihre Verwachsungen. 4, Aufl. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin.

  • Singh, R., 1973, Depositional Sedimentary Environments,- Springer Verlog, BerlinJffeidelbergNew York,

  • Ward, J., 1965, Heavy-mineral beach sands of Australia. Eighth Commonwealth Mining and Metallurgical Congres®, vol 1. pp. 53-54, Melbourne

  • Williams, CK, 1965, Economic Geology of New Zealand, 1. Baskı.

  • Surveying of Gas Storage Underground Caverns by Laser and Btereophotographs
    Özcan Özmumcu
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    ABSTRACT: It is usual to encounter underground cavities in the geological formations invarious depths, This paper reporta the study of gas storage caverns by means of laser and stereophotographic surveying techniques

  • Underground cCvities

  • Laser

  • Stereophotographs

  • Gas Storage

  • ÖZMUMGU, Ö,, 1078 Yeraltı Boşluklarının Stereo Resimlerinin Çekilmesi (SD-Foto-Log), Petrol (Petrol Mühendisleri Odası Yayın Organı) sayı 11, gayfa 34-36

  • NÔLTBf E,, 1978 Lasermessungeıı und Stereofotogra« fie, Prakla-Seismos Report, 3/7S,

  • Mustafa Aslaner
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    ABSTRACT: This article is an attempt to summarize the geologic environments for nickel deposits and parageneses with which nickel is associated; thus 14 types of nickel deposits are defined. On the other hand the nickel potential of Turkey is investigated concluding seven different types of nickel concentration can be expected. These are put in order of importance according to geologic and metallogenic data of Turkey. Nickel is mainly found in ultramafic rocks and their alteration products namely lateritic iron deposits. In addition acid plutonic rocks play a part in formation of nickel deposits Turkey is very likely to beara high nickel potential as large areas are covered by ultrabasic and acid plutonic rocks. Emphasis is also laid upon asphaltites covering an area of 20.000 square km. containing 3,2 kg. of Ni in one ton of asphaltite ash and other valuable minor products such as Mo and V and the recovery of such minor products.

  • Nickel Deposits

  • Turkey

  • Nickel Possibilities

  • Metallogenic Data

  • AKÇAY, Y,, (1974), Adama ili Osmaniye İlçesi Yarpuz bucağı çevresindeki silisli ve hematitM laterltik mhurlarmm prospekslyonu, M,T,A. Etüd arşiv no, 1363, yayınlanmamış, Ankara,

  • ARAL, H,, (1971), Alabayır tepe gersdorfit ve anaberjit mineralleri hakkında; M.T.A, Berg, no* 77, pp* 80-37, Ankara

  • ARDA, O., (1970), Amanos dağlarının en kuzey kısmındaki (Osmaniye-Yarpuz ve Kaypak havalisi) ofiyolitîk kayaçlarda bazı nadir elementlerin XRF metodu ile kantitatif determinasyonu ve İnterpretasyonü. M.T.A, Derg. no, 75, pp. 26-37, Ankara

  • ASLıANER, M,, (1962), Guİeman Bölgesindeki nikel mevcudiyeti hakkında kısa not. M.T.A. Etüd arşiv no. 360* yayınlanmamış, Ankara

  • ÂSLANEE, M,, (1973), Îskinderun-Kınkhan Bölgesindeki Ofiyolitlerin Jeoloji ve petrografisi. M.TA, Yayınl. no, 150, Ankara,

  • BOEKURT, R,? (1974), Dumluca (Sivas) köyü Ni* Cto, Bi mineralizasyonunun metalojenetik ve yakm yöresinin petrografik etüdü, K.T.tX Matb.» Trabzon

  • CAN, A., (1960), Sivas-Divrifi-Güneş-Sofucak köyleri nikel zuhuru jeolojik etüdü. M.T.A, Etüd arşiv no, 1199, yayınlanmamış, Ankara,

  • ÇAĞATAY, A,, (1975), Şark kromit havzasında yapılan ekonomik jeoloji çalışmaları ve heazlawoodit`li Kefdaf kromitlerinîn mineralojik etüdü, M.T.A, PergÉ no. 84, pp. 73-89, Ankara.

  • ÇAĞATAY, A., (1975), Makinavit minerali igeren KangaLYellice karot numunelerinin maden mikroskop! etüdü. M.T.A. Derg, no, 84, pp. 62-73, Ankara,

  • KAABEN,O,Y,r>,, (1959), On relationship bet. ween the composition of chromites and their tectonie-magmatic position in peridotite bodies in the SW of Turkey, BülL M.T.A, no, 52, pp. 1-14, Ankara,

  • KOŞMJ , C, (1972), M.T.A, Enstitüsü taraftn^ daa orta Anadolu bölgesinde Ni, Co, WL% MO, OU mineralleri araştırma için kapatılan sahalar üzerine görüşler M.T.A. Btüd arşiv no, M 132, yaymlanmamış, Ankara

  • LEBKÜGHNBR, R.F,, (1969), Oüneydofu TÜrkiyedeki asfaltik maddelerin zuhur ve teşekkülleri. M.T.A, Dorg, no, 72, pp, 124-145, Ankara

  • M.T.A., (1975), Türkiye maden ve diğer yeraltı kaynakları genel envanteri. M.T.A, Enst, ya« yml. no. 154, Ankara,

  • M.T.A,, (1977), Güneyäofu Anadolu Asfaltit Euhurlarmm çok yönlü değerlendirilmesi Projesi, Yaymlanmamış, Ankara

  • ROUTEîtER, P., (1963), Les gisements métaUifires. Tome I-II, Masson et Öi, Paris VI

  • SARIKAYA, A.R, ve SEYREK, T., (1977), Yeşilova-Tefenni peridotit masifindeki krom ve nikel zenginleşmeleri prospeksiyon raporu. M.T.A. Etüd arşivi no, Ankara

  • SAYIN, İ.A, ve YDuDIZ, M„ (1974), OrhaneliHarmançık (Bursa) ve Dursunbey (Balıkesir) clvarmm nikel-krom prospeksiyon raporu. M,T, A, Etüd arşiv no, M 291, yayınlanmamış, Ankara.

  • Geologicahhydrogeologîcal investigation of Uşak Esme-Örencik hotspring
    Mustafa İça
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  • Eşme-Örencik(Uşak)

  • Hotspring

  • Geology

  • Hydrogeologîcal

  • Başkan, E,, (1971`j: Jeotermik Enerji Sondajlarında Elde Edilen Sıcak Suların Şifalı Su Olarak Deferlendirilmesi Türkiye i, Jeotermal Enerji Simpozyumu (Tebliğler) Ankara

  • Baykal, P,, (İ054) : Alafehir, Ugak Mıntıkasının Jeolosi hakkında Rapor MTA rapor No: 2296 Ankara

  • Castony, G,, (1969): Yeraltı suları hakkında pratik uygulamalar, Çevirenler: K. Karacadaf - A. geber, DSÎ Matbaası, Ankara

  • Çaflar, K,Ö,, 1950(): Türkiye Madensuları ve Kaplıcaları MTA Yay. Seri: B> No: İl Ankara,

  • Güzel, A,, (1978): Egme-Örencik Sondajı Bitirme Ön Raporu (Yayınlanmamış) Ankara.

  • Holler, H., (1953: B8/3, 88/4, 89/3 ve 105/1 ile 89/1 kısmen) Paftalarının Jeolojik Haritası Hakkında Rapor MTA Rapor No: 2385 Ankara

  • îça, M., (1978): E§me-,ÖrenGik Kaplıdsı Jeoloji - Hidrojeoloji Etüd Raporu, MTA Rapor No: 6034 Ankara.

  • Kalafatçıoflu, A., (1961): Gediz_U§ak Arası Bölgenin Jeolojik Raporu, MTA Rapor No: 2818 Ankara

  • Turkman, M„ (1972) : Su Kimyasi Çali|maları Rehberi» DSÎ Yeraltısulan Dairesi Başkanlıfı Ankara,

  • B. Kalkani Necdet Türk
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  • Rock Slopes

  • Stability Analysis

  • Earth Dam

  • Groundwater Level

  • Slip Zones

  • DUNCAN, J.M, AND GOODMAN, E,E. Finite Elew ment Analyses of Slopes in Jointed Rock, Contract Report S, 68-3» U.S. Army Engineers Waterways Experimental Station, Corps of Engineers, Vieksburg-, Mississippi, USA, 1968,

  • Jtm&f W,B, Statistical Methods to Compile and Correlate Rock Properties and Preliminary Results* Technical Report No. % Advanced Research Projects Agency, Department of Defence Washington, DC. Purdue University^ School of Civil Engineering* Lafayette, Indiana, USA, i960.

  • Mehmet Can Yildiz
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  • Copper

  • Importance and Future

  • Usage Areas

  • Modern Industry

  • Barth Sciences and Mineral Resources in Arizona, vol, 8, 1978,

  • P. Damon ve S. Tîttley: B`ôzM fÖrüşme. Unjv, Of Ariz, Tucson, 1978

  • Lowel, J.D, (İ970), copper resources in 1970 Minig Eng, v, ml no. 4.

  • The mıneralogical studies of schistose rocks (Gonäiies) occurring in the BitUş - Yukarı ölek kÖyü-Süllap Bere area with a view about their origin
    Ahmet Çağatay Oğuz Arda
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    ABSTRACT: The regionally metamorphosed rocks of the Bitlis area which are composed of quartz, spessartite, gericite, chlorite, diopside and actinolite age determined as an interesting type of schists or gondites. These rocks contain the following ore minerals: Alabandite, pyrrothite, graphite, sphalerite, pyrite, rutile, chalcopyrite» arsenopyrite, pararammelsberglte, marcasite, fahlen and niccolite besides a small amount of titanite ,apatite, zircon and topaz. All these minerals have been investigated mineralogically in detail and the paragenetic relationship between them have been worked out. The evidence obtained from these studies suggests, that these schists for gondites) have been formed by the regional metamorphism of fine-grained clastic sedimentary rocks falling between psammite and pelite group

  • Yukarı Ölek Köyü(Bitlis)

  • Süllap Bere area

  • schistose(Gondites)

  • Mıneralogical Studies

  • Baedekers, (1968), Autoreiseführer» Türkei, - Verlag Stuttgart, Zweite Auflage,

  • Berner, R,A,, (1970), Sedimantary pyrite formation, American Journal Science, 268, pp. 1-23,

  • Olssarz, A,, (1965), Einführung in die allgemeine und systematische Lagerstaettenlëhre, Stuttgart,

  • Çafatay, A, ve Aydın, E„ (1977:, Bitlis masifinde rastlanan alabandin ve birlikte bulunan bazı maden minerallerinin mikroprob analizleri, Baskıda

  • Derby, O.A., (1901), On the mangenese ore deposits of the Queluz (Lafalette) district, Minas Gérais, BraMl-American Joura* Sei,, 162, pp, 18-32,

  • Dileköz, E. ve Çafatay, A., (1973), Bitlis.MerkezuYukarıölek- Süllap dere işaretle gelen numunelerin mineralojik tetkik raporu MTA, Lab, Dairesi, 6.1.1973, 1295/7525. (yayınlanmamış).

  • Fiebbiger, W,, (1975), Organische Substanze in praekambrisehen Itabiriten und deren Nebengesteninen, - Geolog, Rundschau, Band 84, Heft 2, S, 641*652, Stuttgart,

  • Herz, N, ve Bunarjes, S,, (1973), Amphibolites of the Laffidëtte* Minas Gerais and the Serro da Navio mangâAêse deposits, Brazil, Ecin, Geol. Vol. 68, pp. 1989 J966

  • Kılıç, M„ (1970), Kbltik-Humaç-Kalupat-Yapızmık köyü civan jeolojisi ve bakır mineralizasyonu, MTA ENS, Derleme Raporu, (yaymlanmâmış),

  • Kraeff, A, ve Çafatay, A,, (1972), Bitlis-Blmek bucafı-yukan ölek köyü i§aretiyle gelen numunelerin mineralojik tetkik raporu. MTA, Lab, Dairesi, 19.10,1972, 90S/7460» (yayınlaıımamıl).

  • Müller» O, ve Ftiehtbauer, H,f (1970), Sedimante ünd Sedimentgesteine, Teil l, Stuttgart

  • Niggii, P, ve Niggli, E„ (1952), Gesteine und Minerallagerstaetten, Zweite Band, Rosel,

  • Eamdohr, P., (1975), Die Erzmineralien und ihre Verwachsungen, Akademie-Verlag, Berlin

  • Ramdohr, P. vé Strunz, H., (1967), Kloekmann^ I^hrbuch der Mineralogie, Stuttgart.

  • Roy, S,, (1965), Comparative study of the metamorpho^ sad mangantse protorta oï toe world-the problem of the nomenclature of the gondites and kodurites, Eeoné Geol., Vol. 60» pp, 1238-12éo,

  • Roy, S, ve Purkait, P,K,, (1968-69), Minerâlöfy and gnesis of the metamorphosed mmnfanesê silicate rocks (gondite`) of Gowari Wadhona, Madhya, Pradesh, India, Beitraege zur minéralogie und petrolögıe. Vol, 20, pp, 86^114, Berlin-ReidelbergNewyork.

  • Stanton, R,L„ (1972), Preliminnary account of chemical relationship between suif i de lode and

  • O. Mqbmlaa Ali Dinçel
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  • Eastern Mediterranean

  • Geophysical Results

  • Mountain formation

  • Evaporites

  • Allan, T.D, and Morellt, Cif İ97İ, A Geophysical study of the Mediterranean, Boll, Geofis, Teor, Appl,, 13, 50: 99-142

  • Belöussöv, V.V., 1968, Some problems of development of the earth`s crust and upper mantle of oceans, Am, Oeophys Union Geophyhs Monogr, 12: 449.495,

  • Biju-Duval, B,, 1974. Commentaires de la Carte géologique et structurale des basins tertiaires du domaine mediterranean, Rev, IFP, 3DCDC, 5: 607-639,

  • Comnînakis, P,E. and Papazachos* B,St , 1972, Seismieity of the eastern Mediterranean and some tectonic features of the Mediterranean ridge, Geol, Socs Am. Bui!» 821 1O93

  • Emery, K.O., Heezen, B.C. and Allan, T,D. 1969 Bathymetry of the eastern mediterranean Sea4 Deep, Sea Res»f 13:173,

  • Biickson, A.J,f 1970, Heat-flow Measurements in the Mediterranean, Black and Red Seas. Ph, D, thesis, Univ. of Cambridge, Mass., Report 70-5, 272 p,

  • FinettL L, 1970, Mediterranean Ridge: a young submerged chain associated with the Hellenic arc. Boll. Qeofis, Teor, Appl, 19, 69: 31-65

  • Finetti. I. and Morellî, O„ 1972, Wide-scale digital seismlc exploration of the Mediterranean Sea, Boll. Geofis Teor, AppK, 14, 56: 19Ï-342

  • Finetti I. and Morelli, C,, 1973, Geophysical exploration of the Mediterranean Sea, Boll, Geofis Teor, Appl, 15, 60,

  • GalanoponloSp A,, 1968, The earthquake activity in the physiographic provinces of the eastern Mediterranean Sea, Ann, Geol, Pays. Hellen, 21; 178- 209.

  • Gass, I.G. and Masson-Smith, D,, 1963. The geology and gravity anomalies of the Troodos Massif» Cyprus, Philos. Trans, R, Soc, Lond, 255: 417

  • Gutenberg, B, and Richter. C.F, 1974. Seismicity of the Earth and Associated phenomena, Princeton University, 350 p

  • Hersey, J,B. 1965. Sedimentary basins of the Mediterranean Sea, Submar. Geol, Geophys,, Colston paper, 17; 75*91.

  • Hinz, K. 1974, Results of seismic refraction and seismic reftection measurements in the Ionian Sea, Geol. J.» 2: 35.65,

  • International Geophysical Projects Group, 1975. The Earth`s Crust and the History of Development of the Black Sea Basin. Nauka, Moscow, 360 p,

  • Karnik, V,, 1969. Seismicity of the European area. Part I, Reidel, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

  • Lort. 3M.> 1971. The tectonics of the eastern Mediterranean Rev, Geophys, Space Phys, 9:189,

  • Lort, J,M.f Umont W.Q, and Gray, F„ 1074 Preliminary seismic studies in the Eastern Mediterranean, Earth Planet, Sei, Lett,, 21: 355^363.

  • Makris, J,, 1978. Some geophysical aspects of the evolution of the BellenMes. Bull, Geol. Soc, X: 206-213,

  • Malovitskiy, Ya, P., Emelyanov, E,M., Kasakov, 0,V„ Moskalenko, V.N., Osipov,, G.V., Shimkus, K, M, and Vhumakov. 1.3.» 1975, Geological structure of the Mediterranean sea floor (based on geologicalgeophysical data). Mar, Geol., 18: 231=261.

  • Me Kenzie, B,P„ 1972, Active tectonics of the Mediterranean region, Grophys, J. R. Astron* Soc, 30:109,

  • Morelli» C.» 1975, Geophysics of the Mediterranean, Newsletter G. I. Am. Monaco, Spec, Iss., 7: 27-111

  • Möreİlİ, C, Pisani, M, and Gantar, C.f 1975, Geophysical studies in the Aegenn Sea and in the Eastern Mediterranean, Boll, Geofis, Teor, Appl, 18, 66: 127=167

  • Moskalenko» V., 1966, New data on the structure of the sedimentary strata and basement in the Levant Sea, Oeeanology, 6: 828-836,,

  • Mulder, O.J,, 1973> Tectonic framework and distribution of Miocene evoporites in the Mediterranean, In: Messinian Events in the Mediterranean. K, Acad Wet,, Amsterdam,

  • Mulder, C,J„ Lehner, P, and Allen, DJC-K., 1975. Structural evolution the Neogene salt basins in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Red Sea, Geol, MJjnbouw 54 (3-4) : 208-221.

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