Jeoloji Münendisliği Dergisi
Jeoloji Mühendisliği Dergisi

Jeoloji Mühendisliği Dergisi

1986 OCAK
COVER
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CONTENTS
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TO OUR READERS
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A geostatistical evoMaticm on the geochemical data of siderite samples from Deveci (Hekimhan - Malatya)
Taner Ünlü
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ABSTRACT: Matheıııatîc interpretation ol ili© geociîeîiıîcal «lata concerning* siderite samples from Deveci. (HeMîMİıan-Halatya) has been tried to he explained! in this paper. Fâroent-distributioa relation If elements slow the alternating: precipitation of siderite ami clay minerals, while the distribution relations in terms of trace element showing the presence of basic volcanism co -existence with precipitation. In the study, it las been tried to achieve the result that geostatistical evaluation could be usai as a method to approach genesis, considering1 the Deveci siderite bedding,

  • Deveci (Hekimhan - Malatya)

  • Siderite Samples

  • Geochemical Data

  • Geostatistical Evomaticm

  • Krumbein, W.C. ve Grayb.il!, F.A., 1965; Introduction to statistical Models in Geology., MacGraw Hill, Book .Company, 475` S., London,

  • Marsal, D., 19791 ; Statistische Methoden für Erdwissenschaftler. 2: Aufl., 192 S,,, Stuttgart

  • Mather, P.M., 1965; Computational Methods of Multîvariate Analysis in Physical Geography, John. Wiley and. Sons., 214 S,f London.,.

  • Matheron, G., 1963; Principles of Geostatistics. `Eicon. Geol., Vol. 58, S... 1246-1268, New Haven.

  • Sachs, lt., 1978; Angewandte Statistik. 5; Aufl., 552 S„, Berlin (Springer),..

  • Saukow, A.Ar , 1953; Geochemie.`Veb-Verlag Technik» 311 S,, Berlin,

  • Till, R,;|l 1.974; Statistical .Methods for the Earth Scientist, MacMllLan Press Ltd., 2.26 S,,,, London.

  • Ünlü, T,,, 1983; Die Genese der Siderit-Lagerstätte Deveci in der Hekimhan-Prov.inz Mala.tya/Türkei und ihre wirtschaftliche Bewertung. Doktorarbeit, TU Berlin,.

  • Ünlü,, T., 1984; Deveci (Hekinüıan-Malatya) siderit örneklerinde yapılan bir cevher hazırlama ön çalışması., Jeo. Müh., Sayı 21, S, .3-16, Ankara.,

  • Some petrölogicdl and geochemictü charecteristics of the Uluktşla - Çamardt (Niğde) volcanics
    Halil Baş Abdülkadir Ayhan Eşref Atabey
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    ABSTRACT: Vofcanism, widely exposed in ara. area between Ulukışla and Çamardı, was effective from . Paleosene to MâcUe Eocene, Colcanies are extensively seen in the area as aglomrrat«, pillow lavas, tuffs, cones hykes and flow forecseim., in. places they slow volcanogedbnantery aspaats. Intrusive rocks are particularly wide-spread in the vicinity` of Ulukışla Om the basis of their mtnerafogical composition, the rock consist of andésite, foasrft .and rarely rhyolite *re plainly alkaline (shoshonotic) and partly subalkallne. Their major and some trace element contents indicate a volcanic are origin. Hie rmks here studied are considered to be for*ned in relation with a northword subduction zone developed in the ocean during1 the Upper Cretaceoas-Ütiddle Xjocene interval î.n the region.

  • Ulukışla-Çamardı(Niğde)

  • Volcanics

  • Petrology

  • Geochemical Features

  • Blumenthal, M,,, 1956, Yüksek Bolkar Baf`ın .kuzey boneleri ve batı uzantısının jeolojisi. MTA yayınları, seri D, 7, 179 s.

  • Demirtaşh, E., Bilgin,, A.Z., Erenler, D., Işıklar, D., Sanlı, Y,, Belim, M., ve Turan, N,, 1973, Bolkar Dağları`mn jeolojisi. Cumhuriyetin 50. yılı yerbilimleri kongresi tebliğler kitabı, 4:2-57`.,

  • Demirtaşlı, E., Turan, N., Bilgin, A.Z. ve Selim, M., 1983, Geology of the Bolkar Mountains. Geology of the Taurus Belt, Internat. Symposium, Ankara, 125-142,.

  • Erler, A., 1983, Tectonic setting` of the massive sulfide deposits of the Sautheast Anatolian thrust belt. Internat. Symposium, Ankara,, 309*316.

  • Garcia, lt., 1978,, Criteria of the ancient volcanic ares. Earth Sei. Rev,, 14,, 147-185.

  • Güncûoğlu, M,., 1977, Geologie des westlichen NigdeMassivs. Doktora tezi 180 s. Bcnn (yayınlanmamış).

  • Görür,, N., Oktay, F.Y., Seymen, î. ve Şengör, A.M.C., 1984, Paleotectonic evolution of the Tuzgölü basın complex,, Central Turkey; Sedimentary record of a Neo-Tethyan closure. The geological, evolution of` the Eastern Mediterranean, special puplication of the Geol, Soc., 17 içinde J.E,. Dixon ve A.H.F., Robertson (ed.), Blackwell Scientific Puplic. Oxford, 77-111,,

  • Hempton, M.H., ve Savcı, G., 1982, Elazığ volkanik karmaşığının, petrolojik ve yapısal özellikleri. Türkiye Jeol. Kor. Btilt., 25, 143-150.

  • Hempton, M.H., 1983, Results of detailed mapping near lake Hazar (.Eastern Taurus Maun.tai.ns). -Geology of the Taurus Belt, Internat, Symposium, Ankara, 223-228,

  • Irvine, Ï.N. ve Baragar, W.R.A., 1Ç71, • A quide to the chemical clasjsification of the common volcanic rocks. Canad. J. Earth Sei., 8, 523-548.,

  • Jakes,, P., ve White, A.J.R., 1972, Major and trace element abundance in volcanic rocks of orogenic areas. Bull. Geol... Soc. America,, 83, 20-39.

  • Ketin, t. ve Akarsu, t, 1965, Ulukışla Tersiyer havzasının jeolojik, etüdü hakkında rapor, TPAO, No- 339 (yayınlanmamış).

  • Ku.no,, N., 1:968, Lateral variation of b&salt magma type across continental margins and island arcs. Boll, Volcano!,, 29, 195-222.,

  • Mac Donald, O.A.. ve Katsura J., 1064, Chemical composition of Hawaian lavas. Jour,, of Petrology, 5, 82-133,,

  • Mullen, E.D., 1983,. Mno/TiO2 /P2Os : a minor element dircrimouant of basiltic rocks of oceanic environment and Its implication, for petrogenesis. Earth planet Sei., lieft, ez, 53-6.2.

  • Oktay, F.Y., 1982, Ulukışla Ye gevreğinin stratigrafisi ve jeolojik evrimi. Türkiye Jeol. Kur. Bült., 25, 15-24:.,

  • Özçelik, M., 1985, Malatya güneydoğusundaki Maden magmatik kayaçlaruıın jeolojisi ve tektonik ortamına jeokimyasal bir yaklaşım., Türkiye Jeol. Kur. Bült., 28, 19-34.

  • özgül, N., 1983, Stratigraphy and tectonic evolution of the central Taurides. Gelogy of the Taurus Belt,, Internat,. Symposium.,, Ankara, 77-90.

  • Pearce, J.A. ve Cann, J.R,.,, 1973, Tectonic setting of basic volcanic rocks determined using1 trace element analyses,. Earth and. Planet,, Sei. Lett., 19,

  • Pearce, J.A., 1978, Statistical anlysis of major element patterns in basalts. J. Petrol., 17, 15-43

  • Peccerillo, A.., ve Taylor,, S.R., 1975, Geochmistry of Upper Cretaceous volcanic rocks from Pontic Chein, Northern Turkey. Bull,. Volcano!,,, 39, EÇİ7-569

  • Ferinçek, D. ve Özkaya, î., 1981, Arabistan levhası kuzey kenarı tektonik, evrimi. Yerbilimleri, 8, 91-102.

  • Ötreckeisen, A., 1967, Classification and nomenclature of igneous rocks. N. Jb. Mineral. .Abh., 107, 144-240.

  • Şv?ıigö,! A.M.C. ve Yılmaz, Y., 1981, Tethyan evolution of Turkey: a Plate tectonic approach.. Tec tonophysi.es, 75, 181-241..

  • Tekeli,, O., Aksay A., Ürün, B.M. ve I§ık, A,, 1983,, Geology of the Aladağ Mountains. Geology of the T`auras Belt,. Internat. Symposium, Ankara,, 143-158

  • Yazgan, E3., 1981, Doğu Toroslarda etkin bir paleokıta kenarı etüdü (Üst Kretase-Orta ïîosen), Malatya-Blazığ;, Doğu Anadolu. Yerbilimleri, 7, 83-104.

  • Yazgan, E,, 1983, Geodynamic evolution of the Eastern Taurus region. Geology of the Taurus Belt, Internat. Symposium, Ankara, 199-206.

  • Yetiş,, C, 1978, Çamardı (Niğde ili) yakın ve uzak dolayının jeoloji incelemesi ve Eicemiş yanlım kuşağının Madenboğazı-Kamışlı .arasmdaki özellikleri. Doktora tezi, İstanbul Üniversitesi, 164 s » ( yayınlanmamış, ).

  • Yetiş, C, 1083, New observations on. the age of the E`cemiş foult. Geology of the Taurus Belt, Internat. Symposium, Ankara, 159-164.

  • Determination of degree of coa&ification by reflection "measurement to the Değirmentaşı (Artvin) antracite deposit.
    Gürkan Yersel
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    ABSTRACT: Lias aged antracite deposit at East Pontides was tbought to` contain, graphite upon prospecting`. During the exploration work started in this direction, coal petrography studies- were carried. out besides the ^eologic and tectonic evoluation of the area. At the result of the research study, coalilicatiom. degree of the Lias aged depissit was determined by reflection measurements. High caü£ica£ioii degree^ bo`ng affected by granite ascendance corresponds to Laramian phase. Iıı this paper only results obtained from the pétrographie investigation of coal are given

  • Reflection Measurements

  • Carbonization Degree Detection

  • Değirmentaşı(Artvin)

  • Antracite Deposit.

  • Hoffmann, E,, Jenker, A. (1932) : Die Inkohlung `und ihre Erkennung im Mikrobild. Gl.ucka.uf, 68,. s, 81-88,

  • Fattei.sk, K.., Teichmüller, M., (1.960): Inkohlungs verlauf., Brennstoff-Chemie, 51, ,s. 79-84, 07-104,, 133-137

  • Yersel,, H.G., (1983): Die Anthrazitvoi kommen im Lias der östlichen. Pontiden in. der Türkei, Doktora çalışması, 123 S. (yayınlanmamış).

  • Chemical analysis of the fluid inclusions by two different methods
    Rezan Birsoy
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    ABSTRACT: Chemical analysis of fluid inclusions of the fiuorite were first obtained by leaching the fluid inclusion to- the solution along1 wifii freezing experiments. Then, by using the same samples, chemical composition of the field inclusion was done by scanning electron microscopy technique. Both methods sliowed that NaCI and KC1 are- the .main, componeııfe of the inclusions. Furthermore^ even though second method is faster and more reliable than the first one, it was understood that is more expensive.,

  • Plaster İnclusions

  • Chemical Analysis

  • Of The Liquid Washing

  • Electron Microscopy

  • Almandinger, R.J., 1975, A model foi ore-genesis in. the: Hansonburg Mining Distrct, New Mexico Institute ci Mining and Technology, Sooorro, N.M., Fh,.D. Tezi (Yayınlanmamış) 190 s.

  • Bailey, S.W., ve Cameron, E.N., 196-1, Temperatures of mineral formation in bottom-run lead-zinc deposits of the `Upper Mississippi Valley as indicated by liquid inclusions., Econ Geol. 46, 626-651.

  • Hall, W.E.. ¥e Friedman, I., 1963, Composition of fluid inclusions, Cave-in-Rock fluorite district, Illinois, and Upper- Mississippi Valley lead-zinc district. Eco«... Geol; 58, 886-911

  • Nash, J..T. ve Theodore, T.G., 1971, Ore fluids in the Porphyry Copper Deposit at Copper Canyon, Nevada : Econ, Geol.,, 6®f 385-400

  • Rife, D.L., 1971, Barite fluid inclusion geothermometry, Cartesville Mining District, Nor t west Georgia: Econ. Geol. ®6, 1164-1167

  • Roedder, E., 1958, Technique for the extraction, and partial, chemical analysis of filled fluid inclusions from minerals: Econ, Geol. 53, 235-269.

  • Roedder, B,,, 1962, Ancient fluids in crystals: Scientific American, off pirint No 854 W`,H, Freeman and Company, 11 s

  • Roedder, E, 1963, Studies of fluid, indusions m. Freezing data and their interpretations: EScon. Geol..,, 58, 167-211.

  • Roedder, E., Ingram B., ve Hail, W.E., 1963, Studes of fluid inclusions IV. Extraction and quantative analysis of inclusions in the miligram, range: Econ, Geol., 58,, 353-374

  • Roedder, E., 1971, Fluid inclusion evidence on the environment of formation of mineral deposits of Southern Appalachian Valley: Eton, Geol,,, 66, 777-79-1.

  • Roedder, E., 1972, Compostion of fluid inclusions: U. S.O.S. Prof. Paper 440-J.J., 164 s.

  • Ohmoto, H. ve Rye, R.D. r 1970, The Bluebell Mine,, British Colombia. I. Mineralogy paragenesis, fluid inclusions and. isotopes of hydrogen, oxygen and. carbon: Econ.. Geol 85.. 417-437

  • Sawkins, P.J. r 1968,, Significance of Na/K BMÛ Ca/SO4 ratios in fluid inclusions and subsurface waters, with respect to the genesis of Mississippi Valley-type ore deposits.;, Eton,. Geol.,, 63, 935-942.

  • Determinkdion of depositioncd environment and transportation- mechanism the clastic seounces by means of teoetural parameters
    Songül Gökçen Haluk Çetin İsmail Hakki Demirel
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    ABSTRACT : The transportation mechanism and the dcterminaton of the sedimentation environments of the stand-size elastics earn he carried, out `through examination of their certain gedimentological characteristics such as. sedimentary structures, fossil contents and sfgnilar properties. However, these procedures im sequences thai do not outcrop, or do mot have tlie above properties, can. only be possible by ecrtain textural meliw&, In the present paper, ax© introduced four` sedinoentological-textaral methods that can be applied especially to thin sections, and the transportation mechanism and the determination of the -sedimentary environments for the elastic material forming the séquence- are presented.

  • Clastic Rocks

  • Teœtural Parameters

  • Transport Mechanism

  • Detection of Precipitation Environments

  • Çetin H., 1983,. Haymana (SW .Ankara,) doğusundaki Üst Kretase-Alt Tersiyer istifinin sedimantolojik ve sedimanter petrolojik incelenmesi. H.Ü. Master Tezi,,,, 106 s.

  • Demirel, Î.H., 1983.. Haymana (SW Ankara`) batısındaki Üst Kretase - Alt Tersiyer istifinin sedimantolojik ve sedimanter petrolojik incelenmesi,, H.Ü. Master Tezi,, 147 s

  • Gökçen, S-JU, 1974, Erzincan-Refahiye Bölgesi sedimanter jeolojisi I. Hacettepe Fen., Mili, Bilim. Derg., 4, 179-205.

  • Gökçen, S.IJ,, 1976 a. Ankara-Haymai`a güneyinin sedîmantolojik incelenmedi I: Strati grafik, birimler ve tektonik., Yerbilimleri., 2, 161-190.,

  • Gökçen,, S.I*., 1976 b. Ankara-Haymana güneyinin, sedimantolojik incelenmesi II: Sedimantolojî ve Paleoakıııtılar.. Yerbilimleri.,, 2, 201-235.

  • Gökçen, S.L., 1980.. Petrology of Paleogene Blysch sandstones of the Haymana Basin, Central Anatolia-Turkey. Froc. First European Meeting1 I. A. S,. (Abst.) 127-130` (Bochum-Germany).

  • Gökçen,. S.L-., 1981. Zara-Hafik günevindeki Faleojen istifinin sedimantolojisi ve paleocoğrafik evrimi. Yerbilimleri.,, 8, 1-2% 1 Elk,

  • Gökçen, S.L, ve Ataman, G., 1973,. Sedimantologie des roches détritiques -de la formation, de Keşan (Paleogene) : Un faciès a turbidites au sud-ouest de la Thrace Turque. Sediment,.. Geol., 9» 235- 260.,

  • Gökçen, S.L., Bulutoğlu, Ö.F. ve Unsal, A., 1078. Urztncan-Reahiye bölgesi sedimanter jeolojisi IV: `Filiş klastikleri petrolojisi. Yerbilimleri., i, 154-175

  • Gökçen,, S.L. ve özkaya, t,,,, 1981. Olistostrom ve türbdit fasiyeslerinin Diskriminant analizi ile ayırımı. Yerbilimleri., 8, 5S-6D.

  • McManus, J. ve Buller, A.T.,,, 1973.. Modes of turl>idîte deposition deduced from grain-size analyses;. Geol. Mag,. 109, 491-500.

  • Passega, R., 1957`., Texture as characteristic of clastic deposition,.. Bull. Am,. Ass. Petrol. Geol., 41,, 1952- 19B4,

  • Passega, R., 1.964. Gran, size `representation by CM patterns- as- a geological tool. I. Seçtim,. Petrol,, 34, 830-847.

  • Passega, R,, 1977. Significance of CM diagrams of sediments^ deposited by suspensions. Sedimentology.. r 24, 723-733

  • Passega, R. ve Byrainjee, R., 1969.. Grain-size image of clastic deposits. Sedimentology. r 13, 233-252..,

  • Visher, G,.S-., 19*69`. Grain, size distributions and depositional processes., J. Sedim. Petrol,, 39, 1074- 1106.

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